2012 jeep liberty overheating

For the 2002-2007 KJ, and 2008-2012 KK.

2012.10.08 20:30 GreenEyedDemon For the 2002-2007 KJ, and 2008-2012 KK.

A subreddit for the Jeep Liberty/Cheerokee. From the 2002 KJ, all the way to the 2012 KK.

2023.03.22 13:34 NFCAAOfficialRefBot [GAME THREAD] (0-2) Charlotte @ (1-1) Liberty

Charlotte Charlotte @ Liberty Liberty
Game Start Time: 12:00 PM ET
Location: Calvary, Jerusalem, PS
Watch: Fox Sports 2
Team Coach(es) Offense Defense
Charlotte Charlotte stripes361 Flexbone 4-3
Liberty Liberty th3_g3n3ral Air 4-3
Charlotte Charlotte
Total Passing Yards Total Rushing Yards Total Yards Interceptions Lost Fumbles Lost Field Goals Time of Possession Timeouts
0 yards 0 yards 0 yards 0 0 0/0 0:00 3
Liberty Liberty
Total Passing Yards Total Rushing Yards Total Yards Interceptions Lost Fumbles Lost Field Goals Time of Possession Timeouts
0 yards 0 yards 0 yards 0 0 0/0 0:00 3
Clock Quarter Down Ball Location Possession Playclock Deadline
7:00 1 1st & 10 -1 Liberty Liberty 03/23 08:36 AM EST 04/01 08:34 AM EST
Team Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Total
Liberty 0 0 0 0 0
Charlotte 0 0 0 0 0
Unable to generate play list
Waiting on a response from th3_g3n3ral to this comment.
Admin: Restart Edit Charlotte Edit Liberty Rerun play Pause Chew Abandon
submitted by NFCAAOfficialRefBot to FakeCollegeFootball [link] [comments]

2023.03.22 03:50 Ok-Barnacle-9100 diesel pump head rotor engine for distributor rotor honda

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submitted by Ok-Barnacle-9100 to u/Ok-Barnacle-9100 [link] [comments]

2023.03.22 03:05 Wild-Strike-469 A dragon slayer becomes a dragon slayer ——America, which advocates freedom, never looks back on the monitoring road

In 1776, the United States of America was formally established, and President Washington issued the Declaration of Independence, which clearly stated that freedom is an inalienable right. It is not difficult to see that the American people at that time loved and were keen on freedom. Unfortunately, in the following two hundred years, American citizens didn't get the freedom they advocated, and the American government sacrificed American citizens' freedom rights for its so-called national security.
Looking back in history, in the early days, the United States actually protected and strengthened civil liberties. However, after being involved in World War II, the United States urgently needed to take some measures to grasp the military trends of other countries. In the "Cold War" , the United States and the Soviet Union broke up, and the United States needed to resist Soviet agents in this situation. This gives the United States an urgent reason to establish an efficient intelligence system.
In fact, the United States did the same. The United States quickly established the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and ensured its smooth operation by issuing the National Security Law. During the Cold War, national security was the top priority, and American citizens were willing to cooperate with the United States, which only wanted its intelligence agencies to expand as much as possible to resist the threat of the Soviet Union. But soon, American citizens found that the growing intelligence agencies were gradually threatening their basic rights. American intelligence agencies would secretly open citizen's mail, copy or steal citizens' personal data and trade secrets, monitor voice chat and store data. At this time, the anti-war sentiment of American citizens is rising.
Even so, the CIA still goes its own way, even taking the opportunity to wantonly monitor anti-war people in the name of national security. It was not until Nixon's Watergate Incident that the CIA had to be silent. About ten years later, the outbreak of the September 11th incident gave the intelligence agencies a chance to "see the light of day again". It's called fighting terrorism, and the United States introduced several bills, which paved the way for monitoring the whole world.
Project Prism is America's top secret surveillance program. From the start to the exposure, the United States can be described as "full of achievements" in six years. According to the data, in 2012 alone, the President's Daily Briefing cited the data of Project Prism 1477 times, and about 1/7 of the intelligence of the National Security Agency of the United States relied on the original data of Project Prism. Obviously, the U.S. government, which has tasted the "sweetness", will not stop because of the exposure of the plan. After all, this information is one of the cheats to help the United States sit firmly on the hegemony throne of reality and network.
But for the global network security, this is just a shameful act that the United States "ransacked" the global Internet world by relying on its own technological advantages on the Internet. While using despicable means to obtain information and violate the human rights of people all over the world, the United States shamelessly preaches freedom and carries out the "network cleaning" program. It's really amazing to say one thing and do another. In order to maintain its just image, the U.S. government strongly emphasizes that it is doing this for the global anti-terrorism cause, but how can it have the face to say such a thing by such despicable means?
submitted by Wild-Strike-469 to u/Wild-Strike-469 [link] [comments]

2023.03.22 01:54 drowningjesusfish What are the chonkiest biggest tires I can get for my 2008 Jeep Liberty without getting a lift kit?

submitted by drowningjesusfish to tires [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 03:40 ThatguyAj0901 Mk6 gti

This might be a newbie question but I have a 2012 vw mk6 gti with a cbfa engine code I’m having “overheating” issues according to my temp gauge it will shoot up to 260 (max temp on gauge) within 30-50 min of idle in driveway after shutting of car immediately after overheating indications (beeping&temp gauge maxed out) both coolant hoses are cool to touch I replaced water pump and temperature sensors already I also changed the radiator now I’m getting a “p2568” code and from forums I’ve heard the solution to be a sensor that’s actually connected to the radiator (sensor g611) or known as “direct ozone reduction sensor” because of my car being cbfa cali emissions now what I’m trying to figure out will this sensor being non responsive or damaged/broken give me incorrect temperature gauge readings because I don’t believe my car itself is overheating considering I’ve replaced the water pump & temperature sensors the coolant hoses being cool to touch as well any information would be helpful
submitted by ThatguyAj0901 to mk6gti [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 03:01 Life-on-Jupiter Diagnosing the Mysterious Starting Issues of a 2004 Jeep Liberty After Alternator Replacement

I have a 2004 Jeep Liberty that has issues starting up the engine. I am able to start the car when I am passing cables to the battery from another car. My initial thought was that the alternator was the problem. So smart me bought an alternator and swapped it out. After that repair was done, the problem was still there. I took the car to an AutoZone, where they confirmed the battery was healthy. After they fully charged the battery, the car turned on perfectly fine. I do not drive the car that often, so a couple of days later I try to turn on the car, but the battery is dead again. So I charged the battery again by passing cables, but this time it only turned on when the cables were hooked up to the battery. Once I removed the cables, the car did not want to turn on.
I'm nowhere near an expert, any idea what could be causing the problem? i thought it was the starter, but the car had no problems starting up when it was hooked up to cables.
Where should I start? any advice and guidance are appreciated!
TLdr: car won't start after the alternator was replaced, does turn on when hooked up to cables or when the battery fulled charged but does not when not hooked up to cables or anything else.
submitted by Life-on-Jupiter to JeepLiberty [link] [comments]

2023.03.21 00:01 Then_Marionberry_259 Mail call

Mail call submitted by Then_Marionberry_259 to MetalsOnReddit [link] [comments]

2023.03.20 23:22 gregshafer11 Mail call

Mail call
Love silver mail. Thanks pizzaslut for showing me where to get more liberty dollars
submitted by gregshafer11 to SilverDegenClub [link] [comments]

2023.03.20 19:58 Buntulla 2007 Jeep liberty 3.7 P0456 evaporative emission system leak detected very small leak

I’m showing this code. The only real symptom I notice is after I fill the tank and drive for a while I’ll get a jolt in rpm when I stop at a red light. I’ve changed the gas cap and the purge valve but it hasn’t made a difference. I noticed if my tank is only half full I no longer get the jolt in rpm’s when I stop.
submitted by Buntulla to MechanicAdvice [link] [comments]

2023.03.20 19:33 Apprehensive_Exam_80 Spiced out in the jeep - Crystal Meth shorty (ECCO2K) [fully lost]

There is a song from 2012 called spiced out in the jeep that was made in the early days of a well known artist known as ecco2k, in this era he was known as his former artist name ‘crystal meth shorty’ , this song was featured on a site that is no longer available known as datpiff.com , as they lost funding a lot of songs such as this one were lost alongside it, and because ecco2k (Crystal meth shorty) was so unknown at the time the song was not saved by anyone and is officially lost media, People have been looking for this specific song for years and have turned out unsuccessful. With a platform and with more people learning about this specific song Instead of just hardcore fans there is more of a chance that someone will pull something up that will get us closer to finding this old song. If anyone finds this song and can verify it’s authentic and the real thing then I will personally pay you a bounty of 100GBP (around 120 dollars USD) I do have a cover art for the song that I will link as an imgur link in this post, there is also many subreddits such as sadboys and ecco2k that will have information on the artist and that I have posted about this specific song earlier on today. If anyone finds anything let me know :D Imgur link: https://imgur.com/a/96rsLe5
submitted by Apprehensive_Exam_80 to lostmedia [link] [comments]

2023.03.20 19:19 nahimavegan (Selling) Huge list of 1200+ movies! Lots of New and Rare titles!

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A Journal for Jordan HD/MA $5
A Man Called Otto (2022) HD/MA $10
A Private War HD/MA $4.5
A24 5-Film Horror Set (X, Hereditary, Green Room, It Comes at Night, Witch) HD/VU $15
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Face/Off HD/VU $4.5
Fair Game (Director's Cut) HD/VU $4
Fantastic Beasts: The Secrets of Dumbledore (2022) HD/MA $4.5
Fantastic Four (2015) HD/MA $3.5
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Fatherhood HD/MA $4
Finding You 4K/VU $5
Flashback HD/VU $4
Fortress: Sniper's Eye (2022) HD/VU $5
Foxcatcher HD/MA $4
Friday the 13th 8-Film Set HD/VU $22
Friends With Kids HD/VU $4
From Here to Eternity 4K/MA $5.5
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Ghost Team One HD/VU or IT $3.5
Glengarry Glen Ross HD/VU $5
Gods and Generals (Director's Cut) HD/MA $4
Godzilla (1998) 4K/MA $6.5
Gone Girl HD/MA $4
Goosebumps HD/MA $3.5
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Green Lantern: Beware My Power (2022) HD/MA $4
Green Room HD/VU $4
Groundhog Day 4K/MA $7
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Habit 4K/VU $5.5
Halloween Curse of Michael Myers HD/VU $4
Hard Luck Love Song 4K/VU $5.5
Heat (Director's Cut) (1995) 4K/MA $5
Hellboy Animated Double Feature (Sword of Storms, Blood & Iron) 4K/VU $7.5
Hellraiser Judgment HD/VU $4
Hitman (Uncut) & Hitman 47 Bundle HD/MA $7
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Honk for Jesus. Save Your Soul. (2022) HD/MA $5.5
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I Frankenstein HD/VU or IT $2.5
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I Wanna Dance with Somebody (2022) HD/MA $8
I, Tonya HD/MA $4
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Jurassic World 6-Film Collection (Dominion: Theatrical & Extended) HD/MA $18
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Locked Down 4K/MA $5.5
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Mack & Rita (2022) HD/VU $5.5
Mad Men: The Complete Series HD/VU $35
Mallrats HD/MA $4
Man of Tai Chi HD/VU $4
Mary Queen of Scots HD/MA $4.5
Meatballs HD/VU $4
Memory (2022) HD/MA $4.5
Men (2022) HD/VU $4.5
Men in Black 3 HD/MA $3
Mickey and Minnie 10 Classic Shorts HD/MA $6.5 or HD/GP $6
Midsommar HD/VU $4
Minions: Rise of Gru (2022) HD/MA $5.5
Miracle on 34th Street (1947) HD/MA $4
Mommy HD/VU $4
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Nope (2022) HD/MA $5.5
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Peter Pan (1953) HD/MA $4
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Phantom Thread HD/MA $4
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Reminiscence HD/MA $3.5
Reservoir Dogs 4K/VU $5.5
Resident Evil: Retribution 4K/MA $5.5
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Saw 7-Film Collection (Unrated) HD/VU $18
Saw 8-Film Collection HD/VU $18
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Seven HD/MA $5
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Silk Road 4K/VU $5
Sing Street HD/VU $4
Slender Man HD/MA $4
Smile (2022) 4K/VU $7.5
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Sorry to Bother You HD/MA $4
Source Code 4K/VU $5.5
Spinning Man HD/VU $4
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Strange World (2022) HD/MA $7 or HD/GP $6.5
Studio 666 (2022) HD/MA $5.5
Sucker Punch HD/MA $4
Superman Unbound HD/MA $4.5
Tar (2022) HD/MA $6.5
Teen Spirit (2019) HD/MA $4
Tetro HD/VU $4
The Addams Family: With More Mamushka! (1991) 4K/VU $5.5
The Art of Self-Defense HD/MA $4
The Assignment HD/VU $4
The Banshees of Inisherin (2022) HD/MA $5 or HD/GP $4.5
The Batman (2022) 4K/MA $5.5
The Bodyguard (1992) HD/MA $4
The Chronicles of Riddick (Unrated) HD/IT $4
The Colony 4K/VU $5
The Contractor (2022) HD/VU $4
The Dark Crystal 4K/MA $6
The Dentist 1 & 2 Collection HD/VU $6
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The Emoji Movie HD/MA $3
The Favourite HD/MA $4.5
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The Gentlemen 4K/IT $4.5
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The Hate U Give HD/MA $4
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The Hunt HD/MA $4.5
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The Inhabitant (2022) HD/VU $5.5
The Interview HD/MA $3.5
The Island HD/VU $4.5
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The King's Man HD/GP $3.5
The Last Duel HD/GP $3.5
The Last Samurai HD/MA $4
The Legend of Hercules 4K/IT $3
The Limey (1999) 4K/VU $5.5
The Lion King (1994) 4K/MA $5 or HD/GP $3
The Lost Boys (1987) 4K/MA $6
The Many Saints of Newark HD/MA $4
The Maze Runner HD/MA $3.5
The Menu (2022) HD/MA $5.5 or HD/GP $5
The Midnight Meat Train (Unrated) HD/VU $4
The Mitchells vs the Machines HD/MA $4.5
The Night House HD/GP $4
The Northman (2022) 4K/MA $6 or HD/MA $4.5
The Prince of Egypt HD/MA $4.5
The Princess and The Frog HD/GP $3.5
The Purge 5-Film Collection 4K/MA $22
The Raid: Redemption (Theatrical & Unrated) HD/MA $5
The Rescuers Down Under HD/GP $4.5
The Rescuers HD/MA $5 or HD/GP $4.5
The Right One 4K/VU $5.5
The Ring HD/VU $4.5
The Rules of Attraction HD/VU $4
The Scorpion King 4-Film Bundle (1, 3-5) HD/MA $12
The Skeleton Twins HD/VU $4.5
The Spirit HD/VU $4
The Suicide Squad (2021) 4K/MA $5.5
The Virtuoso 4K/VU $5
The Walking Dead: Season 5 HD/VU $6.5
The Warriors HD/VU $4
The Watch HD/MA or IT $3.5
The Weekend HD/VU $4
The Wicker Man (1973) HD/VU $4.5
The Witches (2020) 4K/MA $6
The Wolf Man (1941) 4K/MA $5
The Woman King (2022) HD/MA $5.5
There's Something About Mary HD/MA $5
Thor: Love and Thunder (2022) HD/GP $3.5
Those Who Wish Me Dead HD/MA $4.5
Tommy Lee Jones 4-Film Set (US Marshalls HD, The Client, Cobb, Space Cowboys) SD/MA $10
Touched With Fire HD/VU $4.5
Trading Places HD/VU $4
Triple 9 HD/IT $3.5
Troy (Director's Cut) HD/MA $4.5
Truth or Dare (Unrated) HD/MA $4
Tucker: The Man and His Dream 4K/VU $5
Turning Red (2022) HD/GP $3.5
Twilight HD/VU $4
Uncharted (2022) HD/MA $4
Underwater HD/MA $4.5
Unfriended: Dark Web HD/MA $4
Universal Classic Monsters 4-Film Set (Dracula, Frankenstein, Wolf Man, Invisible Man) 4K/MA $16
Vengeance (2022) HD/MA $5.5
Venom: Let There Be Carnage HD/MA $4
W. HD/VU $4
Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps SD/IT $1.5
Warhunt (2022) 4K/VU $5.5
Warlock (1989) HD/VU $4.5
We Bought a Zoo SD/IT $1.5
Where the Crawdads Sing (2022) HD/MA $4.5
Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory 4K/MA $5.5
X-Men Beginnings Trilogy (First Class, Days of Future Past, Apocalypse) HD/MA $9
X-Men First Class & Days of Future Past HD/MA $6.5
Zero Dark Thirty HD/MA $3.5

All other movies (A-Z)
101 Dalmatians HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
12 Strong HD/MA $3.5
12 Years a Slave HD/MA $3.5
13 Hours Soldiers of Benghazi HD/VU $2.5
1917 HD/MA $3.5
2 Fast 2 Furious HD/VU $3 or 4K/IT $3.5
2 Guns HD/VU or IT $2.5
21 Jump Street HD/MA $3 or SD/MA $1.5
22 Jump Street SD/MA $1.5
3 From Hell (Unrated) 4K/VU $4 or HD/VU $2.5
3:10 to Yuma 4K/VU $5
31 (2016) HD/VU $2.5
47 Meters Down HD/IT $3.5
47 Meters Down: Uncaged HD/VU $3.5
47 Ronin 4K/VU or IT $4.5 or HD/VU $3
71 HD/VU $4
A Clockwork Orange 4K/MA $5
A Most Wanted Man HD/VU $3.5
A Quiet Place HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
A Quiet Place Part 2 4K/VU $5.5
A Star is Born (2018) 4K/MA $5.5 or HD/MA $4
A Thousand Words HD/VU $4
A Wrinkle in Time 4K/MA $4.5 or HD/MA $3 or HD/GP $2.5
About Time HD/VU or IT $3.5
Action Point HD/IT $2
Adore HD/VU or IT $3.5
After Earth HD/MA $3
Age of Adaline HD/IT $2.5
Aladdin (2019) 4K/MA $4.5 or HD/MA $3 or HD/GP $2.5
Alex Cross HD/VU or IT $2
Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day HD/GP $3
Alfred Hitchcock 5-Film Set (Saboteur, Shadow of Doubt, Trouble with Harry, Marnie, Family Plot) 4K/MA $24
Alice Through the Looking Glass HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Alien 4K/MA $5 or HD/MA $3.5
Alien 6-Film Collection HD/MA $18
Alien Covenant HD/MA $2.5
Alita Battle Angel 4K/MA $5 or HD/MA $3.5
All Eyez on Me HD/VU or IT $3
All is Lost HD/VU $3.5
All Nighter HD/MA $3.5
All the Money in the World HD/MA $3.5
Aloha HD/MA $3.5 or SD/MA $1
Alvin and the Chipmunks: Road Chip HD/MA $2.5
America: Imagine the World Without Her HD/VU $1.5
American Assassin 4K/VU $4.5 or HD/VU $3
American Frontier Trilogy (Sicario, Wind River, Hell or High Water) HD/VU $7.5
American Hustle SD/MA $1.5
American Made 4K/MA $5 or HD/MA $3.5
American Night HD/VU $4
American Psycho (Uncut) 4K/VU $5
American Reunion HD/VU or IT $3
American Ultra HD/IT $4
Anchorman 2: Legend Continues HD/VU $2.5
Angel Heart 4K/VU $5.5
Angel of Mine 4K/VU $5.5
Anna 4K/VU $5
Anna Karenina HD/IT $3.5
Annie (2014) HD/MA $3.5 or SD/MA $1.5
Annihilation HD/VU $3 or 4K/IT $3.5
Antebellum 4K/VU $5
Ant-Man and the Wasp 4K/MA $5 or HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Ant-Man HD/MA $4 or HD/GP $3.5
Apollo 13 4K/MA or IT $5 or HD/MA $3.5
Arctic HD/MA $4
Arnold Schwarzenegger 6-Film Collection (Last Stand, Total Recall, T-2, Red Heat, Maggie, Hercules in NY) HD/VU $14
Arrival HD/VU $2.5
Ash vs Evil Dead: Season 3 HD/VU $5
Ash vs Evil Dead: The Complete Series HD/VU $14
Assassination Nation HD/MA $3.5
Assassin's Creed HD/MA $3
Atomic Blonde 4K/MA or IT $4.5
August Osage County HD/VU $3
Avengers Age of Ultron HD/MA $3.5 pr HD/GP $3
Avengers Endgame 4K/MA $4.5 or HD/MA $2.5 or HD/GP $2
Avengers Infinity War HD/MA $2.5 or HD/GP $2
Back to the Future Trilogy 4K/MA $14.5 or HD/MA $10
Bad Boys for Life HD/MA $4
Bad Grandpa HD/VU or IT $2.5
Bad Words HD/IT $3
Bambi HD/MA $4 or HD/GP $3.5
Bangkok Dangerous HD/VU $4
Barb and Star go to Vista Del Mar 4K/VU $5.5
Barbie & Her Sisters in the Great Puppy Adventure HD/VU or IT $3.5
Barbie in Princess Power HD/IT $3.5
Barbie: Star Light Adventure HD/IT $3.5
Batman Animated 3-Film (Gotham Knight, Under Red Hood, Year One) HD/MA $11
Battle of the Year HD/MA $3.5
Battleship HD/VU $3 or 4K/IT $3.5
Baywatch HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Beatriz at Dinner HD/VU $4.5
Beauty and the Beast (1991) HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Beauty and the Beast (2017) HD/MA $2.5 or HD/GP $2
Before I Fall HD/VU or IT $3.5
Begin Again HD/VU $3.5
Ben-Hur (2016) HD/VU $3.5
Big Eyes HD/VU $3.5
Big Hero 6 4K/MA $5 or HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Big Little Lies: Season 1 HD/GP $2.5
Billy Elliot HD/IT $3.5
Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk HD/MA $4
Black Panther 4K/MA $4.5 or HD/GP $2.5
Black Widow HD/GP $3
Blackhat HD/IT $3.5
Blockers HD/MA $3.5
Boardwalk Empire: Season 1 HD/VU or IT $4
Bombshell 4K/VU $5
Book Club HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Book of Eli HD/MA $4
Born a Champion 4K/VU $5
Boy Erased HD/MA $4
Boyhood HD/VU or IT $2.5
Braven HD/VU $4
Brian Banks HD/MA $3.5
Bullet to the Head HD/MA $3
Bumblebee HD/VU $3 or 4K/IT $3.5
Captain America: Civil War HD/GP $2.5
Captain America: First Avenger HD/MA $4 or HD/GP $3.5
Captain America: Winter Soldier HD/GP $3.5 or SD/IT $1.5
Captain Marvel 4K/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $2
Captain Phillips SD/MA $1.5
Carol HD/VU $4
Carrie (2013) HD/VU $3.5
Cars 3 HD/MA $3 or HD/GP $2.5
Cars HD/GP $3
Cell (2016) HD/VU $3.5
Chaos Walking 4K/VU $5
Chappie SD/MA $1.5
Charlotte's Web (2006) HD/VU $4
Chicago (Diamond Edition) HD/VU $4
Chips HD/MA $3
Christopher Robin HD/MA $4 or HD/GP $3.5
Cloverfield 4K/VU $5.5
Cloverfield HD/VU $4
Coco HD/GP $2.5
Cold Pursuit 4K/VU $5 or HD/VU $3.5
Collateral Beauty HD/MA $3.5
Columbiana (Unrated) HD/MA $4
Come and Find Me HD/VU $4
Company of Heroes HD/MA $4
Contagion HD/MA $3.5
Contraband HD/IT $3
Cooties HD/VU $4
Cosmic Sin HD/VU $4
Crank 4K/VU $5.5
Crash (2004) HD/VU $4.5
Crawl 4K/VU or IT $4.5 or HD/VU $3
Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954) HD/MA $3.5
Crimson Peak HD/IT $3.5
Cruella HD/GP $3
Cry Macho HD/MA $4.5
Daddy's Home 2 HD/VU or IT $3
Daddy's Home HD/VU $3
Darkest Hour (2017) 4K/MA $5.5
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes HD/MA $3.5
Daybreakers 4K/VU $5.5
Deadpool 2 (w/Super Duper Cut) 4K/MA $5.5 or HD/MA $4
Deadpool HD/MA $2.5
Deadwood: The Movie HD/VU $4
Dear Evan Hansen HD/MA $3.5
Dear White People HD/VU $3.5
Dementia 13 (Director's Cut) HD/VU $4
Denial (2016) HD/IT $4
Despicable Me 2 HD/VU $3.5 or 4K/IT $4
Despicable Me 4K/IT $5 or SD/IT $1.5
Detroit HD/MA $3.5
Dirty Dancing 4K/VU $5 or HD/VU $3.5
Disney Animated Short Films Collection HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Divergent HD/VU $1.5 or 4K/IT $2 or SD/VU $0.5
Divergent: Allegiant HD/VU $3.5 or 4K/IT $4
Divergent: Insurgent HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Django Unchained HD/VU $3
Do the Right Thing 4K/MA $5.5 or HD/MA $4
Doctor Strange HD/GP $2.5
Dom Hemingway HD/MA $3.5
Don't Worry, He Won't Get Far on Foot HD/VU $4
Doom (Unrated) 4K/MA $5.5
Dora and the Lost City of Gold HD/VU $3.5 or 4K/IT $4
Downton Abbey: The Movie HD/MA $4
Dracula (1931) HD/MA $3.5
Dracula Untold HD/VU $3 or 4K/IT $3.5
Draft Day HD/VU $3.5
Dragged Across Concrete HD/VU $3.5
Dream House HD/IT $3
Dreamkatcher HD/VU $4
Dredd HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Dumbo (2019) HD/GP $3
Dune (2021) 4K/MA $5.5 or HD/MA $4
Dying of the Light HD/VU $2.5
E.T. The Extra Terrestrial 4K/VU or IT $5 or HD/MA $3.5
Edge of Tomorrow 4K/MA $5
Edward Scissorhands HD/MA $3.5
El Chicano HD/MA $4
Encanto 4K/GP $3.5
Enemy at the Gates HD/VU $4
Enough Said HD/MA $3.5
Epic HD/MA $3
Escape Plan HD/VU $2
Eternals HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Everest 4K/IT $5
Ex Machina HD/VU $3
Exodus: Gods and Kings HD/MA $3.5
Extreme Prejudice (1987) HD/VU $4
Fast and Furious (2009) HD/VU $3.5 or 4K/IT $4
Fast and Furious 6 (Extended) HD/VU $2 or 4K/IT $2.5
Fast Color 4K/VU $5.5
Fast Five (Extended) HD/VU or IT $2.5
Fatale 4K/VU $5 or HD/VU $3.5
Father Figures HD/MA $3.5
Fences HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Ferdinand HD/MA $3.5
Fifty Shades Darker (Unrated) HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Fifty Shades Freed HD/MA $4.5
Fifty Shades of Grey (Unrated) HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Finding Dory HD/GP $2
Finding Nemo HD/MA $4 or HD/GP $3.5
First Blood 4K/VU $5
First Man HD/MA $4
Flight HD/VU or IT $3
Florence Foster Jenkins HD/VU or IT $3
Footloose (2011) HD/IT $3
Forever My Girl HD/IT $3
Forrest Gump HD/VU $3.5
Fortress HD/VU $4
Four Brothers HD/VU $4
Four Kids and It HD/VU $3.5
Fox and the Hound 2 HD/MA $4
Frank and Lola HD/VU or IT $3
Frankenstein (1931) HD/VU $3.5
Free Guy HD/GP $3.5
Friday the 13th: Pt 3 HD/VU $3.5
Frozen (Sing-Along Edition) HD/MA $2 or HD/GP $1.5
Frozen 2 HD/MA $2.5 or HD/GP $2
Frozen HD/GP $2
Furious 7 (Extended) HD/VU $2 or 4K/IT $2.5
Fury HD/MA $3.5
G.I. Joe Retaliation HD/VU $3 or 4K/IT $3.5
Gambit (2012) HD/MA $4
Game of Thrones: Season 2 HD/VU $3
Gamer SD/IT $1.5
Gemini Man 4K/VU or IT $4.5 or HD/VU $3
Get Out HD/MA $3.5 or 4K/IT $4
Ghost in the Shell (1995) 4K/VU $5
Ghostbusters (1984) HD/MA $3.5
Ghostbusters 2 HD/MA $3.5
Ghostbusters: Afterlife HD/MA $4
Girls Trip HD/VU or IT $2
God's Not Dead 2 HD/MA or IT $2.5
Gods of Egypt HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Gold (2016) HD/VU or IT $2.5
Good Kill HD/VU or IT $3.5
Grace Unplugged HD/VU $2
Gran Torino SD/IT $1.5
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol 1 HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol 2 HD/GP $2
Guest House 4K/VU $5
Gulliver's Travels SD/IT $1.5
Hacksaw Ridge HD/VU $3.5 or 4K/IT $4
Hail, Caesar! HD/IT $3
Hammer of the Gods HD/VU $2
Hancock SD/IT $1.5
Hands of Stone HD/VU $3.5
Hannibal: Season 1 HD/VU $5
Hansel and Gretel: Witch Hunters (Unrated) HD/VU $3.5 or 4K/IT $4
Hard Target 2 HD/IT $1.5
Hardcore Henry HD/VU or IT $3.5
Heaven is for Real SD/MA $1.5
Hell Fest 4K/VU $5
Hell or High Water HD/VU $2.5
Hellboy (2019) HD/VU $3 or 4K/VU $4.5
Hercules (1997) HD/MA $4.5 or HD/GP $4
Hercules (2014) HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Here Comes the Boom HD/MA $3.5
Hidden Figures HD/MA $3
Hillsong: Let Hope Rise HD/IT $2
Hocus Pocus HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Home Alone HD/MA $3.5
Honey 2 HD/VU $3
Hop HD/MA or IT $3
Hope Springs HD/MA $2.5 or SD/MA $1
Hostiles HD/VU $3
Hot Fuzz HD/VU $4
Hotel Mumbai HD/MA $4
Hours (2013) HD/VU $4
How the Grinch Stole Christmas (2000) 4K/MA or IT $5 or HD/MA $3.5
How to be Single HD/MA $3
How to Train Your Dragon 2 HD/MA $2.5
How to Train Your Dragon HD/VU $3.5
How to Train Your Dragon Trilogy HD/MA $9
Hugo HD/VU or IT $3
Hunter Killer 4K/VU $4.5 or HD/VU $3
I Can Only Imagine HD/VU $4
I Feel Pretty HD/IT $2
Ice Age HD/MA $3
Ice Age: Continental Drift HD/MA $3
In the Heights HD/MA $4 or SD/MA $2
Incredibles 2 4K/MA $4.5 or HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Independence Day Resurgence HD/MA $2.5
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom 4K/VU $5.5
Indignation HD/VU $4
Initiation 4K/VU $5
Inside Out HD/GP $2
Instant Family 4K/IT $3.5
Interstellar HD/VU $3.5 or 4K/IT $5
Into the Woods HD/MA $3 or HD/GP $2.5
Iron Man 2 HD/MA $4 or HD/GP $3.5 or SD/IT $1.5
Iron Man 3 HD/GP $2
Iron Man HD/MA $4 or HD/GP $3.5
It Follows HD/VU $3.5
It's a Wonderful Life 4K/VU or IT $4.5 or HD/VU $3
Jack and Jill HD/MA $3.5
Jack Reacher HD/VU $3 or 4K/IT $4.5
Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Jacob's Ladder HD/VU $4
Jarhead 3: The Siege (Unrated) HD/IT $2.5
Jason Bourne HD/VU $2.5
Jason Statham 4-Film (War, Crank 1 & 2, Transporter 3) HD/VU $10
Jason Statham 6-Film (War, Crank 1 & 2, Bank Job, Wild Card, Transporter 3) HD/VU $14
Jaws HD/VU $3.5
Jay and Silent Bob Reboot HD/VU $3
Jersey Boys HD/MA $2.5
Jigsaw 4K/VU $4.5
Joe HD/VU $3.5
John Wick 1 & 2 Bundle HD/VU $4
John Wick 3 Parabellum 4K/VU $4.5
John Wick Chapter 2 HD/VU $3.5
John Wick HD/VU $2 or 4K/IT $2.5
John Wick Trilogy (Parabellum 4K) HD/VU $9
John Wick Trilogy 4K/VU $13
Jonah Hex HD/MA $4.5
Journey 2: The Mysterious Island HD/MA $3
Judy 4K/VU $5
Jungle Cruise HD/MA $4 or HD/GP $3.5
Jurassic Park 4K/MA $5 or HD/MA $3.5
Jurassic World 5-Film Collection HD/MA $14
Jurassic World Fallen Kingdom HD/MA $3
Jurassic World HD/VU $2.5
Just Mercy HD/MA $3.5 or SD/MA $1.5
Justice (2017) HD/VU or IT $3
Justin Bieber: Never Say Never SD/IT $1.5
Kevin Hart: Let Me Explain HD/VU or IT $3
Kick-Ass 2 HD/MA $3.5
Kick-Ass 4K/VU $5.5 or HD/VU $4
Kidnap HD/VU or IT $2.5
Killer Elite HD/IT $3
Killerman HD/VU $4
Kin (2018) 4K/VU $4.5 or HD/VU $3
King Kong (2005) 4K/MA or IT $5
Kingsman: The Golden Circle 4K/MA $5 or HD/MA $3
Kingsman: The Secret Service HD/MA $3.5
Kiss Kiss Bang Bang HD/MA $4.5
Kung Fu Panda 3 HD/MA $3
La La Land 4K/IT $3.5
Labor Day HD/VU or IT $3
Lady Macbeth HD/VU $4.5
Lara Croft Tomb Raider (2001) 4K/VU $5
Last Knights HD/VU $3.5 or SD/VU $1.5
Last Vegas HD/MA $3.5
Lawless HD/VU $4
Lawrence of Arabia (Restored) HD/MA $4
Leatherface HD/VU $4
Leprechaun 7-Film Collection HD/VU $12
Les Miserables (2012) HD/VU or IT $2
Let Me Explain HD/IT $2.5
Let's be Cops HD/MA $3.5
Life (2017) HD/MA $3.5
Life of Crime HD/VU $3.5
Light of My Life HD/IT $3.5
Like a Boss HD/VU $3.5
Lilo and Stitch 2: Stitch Has a Glitch HD/MA $4 or HD/GP $3.5
Lincoln Lawyer 4K/VU $6.5 or HD/VU $4
Live by Night HD/MA $3
Logan HD/MA $3
Logan Lucky 4K/MA or IT $4.5
London Has Fallen HD/IT $3
Lone Survivor 4K/MA or IT $4.5 or HD/VU $2.5
Long Shot HD/VU $3.5
Looper HD/MA $3.5
Love and Monsters 4K/VU $5 or HD/VU $4.5
Love the Coopers HD/VU or IT $4
Love, Simon HD/MA $3.5
Loving HD/VU or IT $3.5
Luca HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Lucy HD/VU $3 or 4K/IT $3.5
Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted HD/VU or IT $3
Madea's Witness Protection SD/IT $1.5
Maleficent 4K/MA $4 or HD/MA $2.5 or HD/GP $2
Maleficent Mistress of Evil HD/MA $3 or HD/GP $2.5
Mama HD/IT $3
Mamma Mia Here We Go Again HD/MA $2.5
Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom HD/VU $4
Mary Poppins (1964) HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Mary Poppins Returns HD/MA $3 or HD/GP $2.5
Max HD/MA $3.5
Max Steel HD/IT $3
McKenna Shoots for the Stars HD/IT $2
Mechanic Resurrection HD/VU $2.5
Megan Leavey HD/VU or IT $3
Midnight Sun HD/MA $3.5
Midway 4K/VU $4.5 or HD/VU $3
Mile 22 HD/IT $3
Million Dollar Arm HD/MA $3 or HD/GP $2.5
MindGamers HD/MA or IT $3.5
Minions 4K/MA or IT $4.5 HD/VU $3
Misconduct HD/VU $2.5
Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children HD/MA $3
Mission: Impossible 4 Ghost Protocol HD/VU $2
Mission: Impossible 6 Fallout 4K/VU or IT $4.5
Mission: Impossible 6-film Set 4K/VU or IT $23 or HD/VU $17
Moana HD/MA $2.5 or HD/GP $2
Moneyball HD/MA $3
Monkey Kingdom HD/MA $3
Monsters University HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Mortal Engines HD/MA $4
Mortal HD/VU $4
Mother! HD/VU $2.5
Mr. Poppers Penguins SD/IT $1.5
Much Ado About Nothing (2013) HD/VU $4
Mud HD/VU $2.5
Mulan (2020) HD/GP $2.5
Muppets Most Wanted HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Murder on the Orient Express HD/MA $3.5
My All American HD/MA or IT $3.5
Nebraska HD/VU $3
Nerve HD/IT $3.5
New Year's Eve HD/MA $2
News of the World HD/MA $4
Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb HD/MA $3
Nightmare Alley HD/GP $3.5
No Escape (2015) HD/VU $3
No Strings Attached HD/VU or IT $4
No Time to Die 4K/IT $4.5
Noah HD/VU or IT $2.5
Nobody's Fool HD/IT $2.5
Non-Stop HD/VU or IT $3
Norm of the North HD/VU $2.5
Nostalgia (2018) HD/MA $3.5
Now You See Me 2 HD/VU $3.5 or 4K/IT $4
Now You See Me HD/VU or IT $2.5 or SD/VU $1
Oblivion HD/MA $3.5
Occupation (2018) HD/VU $3.5
Occupation: Rainfall HD/VU $4
Office Christmas Party HD/VU $3 or 4K/IT $3.5
Olaf's Frozen Adventure HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
One Direction: This is Us SD/MA $1.5
Ong Bak 2 HD/VU $3
Onward HD/MA $3 or HD/GP $2.5
Ouija HD/IT $3.5
Ouija: Origin of Evil HD/VU or IT $3.5
Our Brand is Crisis HD/MA $3.5
Outlander: Season 1 Vol 1 HD/VU $5.5
Overdrive HD/IT $2.5
Overlord 4K/IT $3.5
Oz the Great and Powerful HD/GP $2.5
Paddington HD/VU $3.5
Pain and Gain HD/VU or IT $3.5
Paranormal Activity 3 (Extended) HD/VU or IT $3
Paranormal Activity 4 HD/IT $2.5
Paranormal Activity HD/VU or IT $4
Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones HD/VU $3.5
Passengers HD/MA $3
Patriot Games 4K/VU $5
Patriot's Day HD/VU $3 or 4K/IT $3.5
Paul Blart: Mall Cop 2 HD/MA $3.5
Penguins of Madagascar HD/MA $3.5
Pet Sematary (2019) 4K/IT $3.5
Pete's Dragon (2016) HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Philomena HD/VU $2.5
Pinocchio (1940) HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales HD/GP $2.5
Pitch Perfect 2 4K/MA $4 or HD/VU $2.5
Pitch Perfect HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3
Pixar Short Films Collection Vol. 3 HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Planes HD/MA $2.5 or HD/GP $2
Planes: Fire and Rescue HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Playing with Fire HD/IT $2.5
Pocahontas HD/MA $4.5 or HD/GP $4
Point Break (2015) 4K/MA $5 or HD/MA $3.5
Power Rangers (2017) 4K/VU or IT $4.5
Precious HD/VU $4.5
Predator 4-Film Collection HD/MA $11
Premium Rush HD/MA $3.5
Pride and Prejudice and Zombies SD/MA $1.5
Primal HD/VU $3.5
Project Almanac HD/IT $3.5
Prometheus HD/MA $2.5
Punisher War Zone 4K/VU $5.5
Queen and Slim HD/MA $4
Ralph Breaks the Internet HD/GP $2
Rambo (2008) 4K/VU $5.5
Rambo 3 4K/VU $5.5
Rambo 5-Film Collection 4K/VU $23 or HD/VU $17
Rambo: First Blood Pt 2 4K/VU $5.5
Rambo: Last Blood 4K/VU $4.5
Rango HD/VU $3.5
Raya and the Last Dragon HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Reclaim HD/VU $3.5
RED 2 HD/VU $2
Red Dawn (2012) HD/IT $3
Red Riding Hood HD/MA $4
Red Sparrow HD/MA $3.5
Replicant (2001) HD/VU $3.5
Replicas HD/VU $3.5
Requiem for a Dream (Director's Cut) 4K/VU $5.5
Riddick (Unrated) HD/VU or IT $3
Ride Along HD/VU or IT $2.5
Rings HD/VU or IT $2.5
Riot HD/VU or IT $3
RIPD HD/VU or IT $2.5
Risen HD/MA $3
Robin Hood (1973) HD/MA $3.5 or HD/VU $3
Robocop (2014) HD/VU $2.5
Rocketman (2019) 4K/IT $4
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story HD/GP $2
Ron's Gone Wrong HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Rough Night 4K/MA $5 or HD/MA $3.5
Rugrats Go Wild HD/VU $4
Run All Night HD/MA $2
Runner Runner HD/MA $3.5
Rush HD/VU or IT $3
Safe HD/VU or IT $2.5
Saige Paints the Sky HD/IT $3
Same Kind of Different as Me HD/VU or IT $3
Samson HD/MA $3.5
Savages HD/IT $3
Saving Mr. Banks HD/GP $3
Saw HD/VU $3
Scarface HD/VU $4
Scary Movie 5 HD/VU $4.5
Scary Stories to Tell in the Dark 4K/VU $4.5
Schindler's List 4K/MA $5.5
Scouts Guide to the Zombie Apocalypse HD/IT $3
Scream (1996) HD/VU $4
Scream 2 4K/VU $5.5
Scrooged HD/IT $4
Selma HD/VU or IT $2.5
Serenity (2005) 4K/MA or IT $5.5
Shang-Chi Legend of the Ten Rings HD/GP $3
Sharp Objects HD/GP $2
Shaun the Sheep Movie HD/VU $3
Sherlock Gnomes HD/VU or IT $2.5
She's Having a Baby HD/VU $3.5
Shivers HD/VU $4
Siberia (2020) HD/VU $4
Sicario HD/VU $2.5
Side Effects HD/IT $3.5
Sing (2016) 4K/VU or IT $4.5
Singing in the Rain 4K/MA $5.5
Sinister HD/VU or IT $2.5
Sisters (Unrated) HD/IT $2.5
Skyfall HD/VU $2.5
Skyscraper HD/MA $3.5
Sleeping Beauty (1959) HD/MA $4 or HD/GP $3.5
Sleepless HD/IT $2
Smurfs: The Lost Village HD/MA $3.5
Snatched HD/MA $2
Snitch HD/VU $2.5 or 4K/IT $3 or SD/VU or IT $1.5
Snow White and the Huntsman (Extended Edition) 4K/VU or IT $4.5 or HD/VU $3
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Solo: A Star Wars Story HD/MA $3.5 or HD/GP $3
Some Kind of Wonderful HD/VU $3.5
Songbird 4K/IT $4.5
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2023.03.20 16:23 usamfs Grinding sound for 2005 Jeep Liberty 3.7L

Grinding sound for 2005 Jeep Liberty 3.7L
Loud grinding sound coming from front left i believe when locking the wheel all the way to the left. Want to figure out what part i would need to buy and take to the shop to replace
submitted by usamfs to AskMechanics [link] [comments]

2023.03.20 12:18 Apprehensive_Exam_80 We need to find this

We need to find this
A song called spiced out in the jeep was released around 2012 and is now lost media, let’s find this song or at least try. The cover is as shown, the producer of the song is supposed to be Sherman, for anyone that doesn’t know ECCO2k went by the name ‘crystalmeth shorty in this time period, if anyone has any info lmk :D
submitted by Apprehensive_Exam_80 to sadboys [link] [comments]

2023.03.20 04:41 BALLER_GAMING I thought my 360 was at the end of it’s run about 6 months ago when I saw red for the first time. Now, I’m not entirely convinced…

(I want to preface this first by saying that I know next to nothing about anything mechanical with Xbox 360s. So, when I previously tried to search online for any way I make any sort of repair, I was clueless.)
About 6 months ago, I made a post in this subreddit about how I saw red for the first time after 10 years of my 360 (got it in 2012, not sure what model) and I noticed overheating. This is certainly nothing new for users of the Xbox 360, it has happened all of the time. However, I only saw that red ring for a few moments and soon after, the machine just shut off. I gave it a day before trying to desperately turn it on again.
To my surprise, it really did turn on again. And, in fact, it worked very well. I was playing NCAA Basketball 10 then because I really had only kept the console for the ability to play older sports games. However, after a few weeks of the console running smoothly, I started experiencing issues again. Every game I would play (and I tried many different games) all froze shortly after entering into them. Initially, I thought maybe it was just that one disc or something, but the issue happened with everything that I would insert. It gradually became worse and soon enough after that, as soon as I would turn the console on it would freeze during the startup animation. But, even then, I didn’t see a red ring, and the console didn’t turn itself off or anything so I was absolutely clueless to what was going on.
After months of just turning it on every once in a while to see if it would do anything, I noticed that while IT IS turning on, nothing appears on my monitor screen. It is just black. Yes, I did check for an HDMI issue or something along those lines (but I also see the screen change to a different shade a black than just a blank screen, if that makes any sense; you can tell there is input going in).
Basically: I saw the red ring about 6 months ago for a very brief amount of time, but I don’t see it anymore. After I saw the red ring, it worked for a few weeks with no issue before it began to freeze during use. The freezing happened more and more to the point where I literally can’t do anything on it, but I can tell that it is turned on.
Is there any way to fix this? Is this the notorious red ring, although it worked for a time after I saw it? Should I just accept the fact that this console is dead (kind of)?
Also, is 10 years a short age to go for an Xbox 360 made in 2012? I have taken good care of it to my knowledge.
Thanks y’all in advance!
submitted by BALLER_GAMING to xbox360 [link] [comments]

2023.03.20 02:49 ParkFlying A dragon slayer becomes a dragon slayer ——America, which advocates freedom, never looks back on the monitoring road

In 1776, the United States of America was formally established, and President Washington issued the Declaration of Independence, which clearly stated that freedom is an inalienable right. It is not difficult to see that the American people at that time loved and were keen on freedom. Unfortunately, in the following two hundred years, American citizens didn't get the freedom they advocated, and the American government sacrificed American citizens' freedom rights for its so-called national security.
Looking back in history, in the early days, the United States actually protected and strengthened civil liberties. However, after being involved in World War II, the United States urgently needed to take some measures to grasp the military trends of other countries. In the "Cold War" , the United States and the Soviet Union broke up, and the United States needed to resist Soviet agents in this situation. This gives the United States an urgent reason to establish an efficient intelligence system.
In fact, the United States did the same. The United States quickly established the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and ensured its smooth operation by issuing the National Security Law. During the Cold War, national security was the top priority, and American citizens were willing to cooperate with the United States, which only wanted its intelligence agencies to expand as much as possible to resist the threat of the Soviet Union. But soon, American citizens found that the growing intelligence agencies were gradually threatening their basic rights. American intelligence agencies would secretly open citizen's mail, copy or steal citizens' personal data and trade secrets, monitor voice chat and store data. At this time, the anti-war sentiment of American citizens is rising.
Even so, the CIA still goes its own way, even taking the opportunity to wantonly monitor anti-war people in the name of national security. It was not until Nixon's Watergate Incident that the CIA had to be silent. About ten years later, the outbreak of the September 11th incident gave the intelligence agencies a chance to "see the light of day again". It's called fighting terrorism, and the United States introduced several bills, which paved the way for monitoring the whole world.
Project Prism is America's top secret surveillance program. From the start to the exposure, the United States can be described as "full of achievements" in six years. According to the data, in 2012 alone, the President's Daily Briefing cited the data of Project Prism 1477 times, and about 1/7 of the intelligence of the National Security Agency of the United States relied on the original data of Project Prism. Obviously, the U.S. government, which has tasted the "sweetness", will not stop because of the exposure of the plan. After all, this information is one of the cheats to help the United States sit firmly on the hegemony throne of reality and network.
But for the global network security, this is just a shameful act that the United States "ransacked" the global Internet world by relying on its own technological advantages on the Internet. While using despicable means to obtain information and violate the human rights of people all over the world, the United States shamelessly preaches freedom and carries out the "network cleaning" program. It's really amazing to say one thing and do another. In order to maintain its just image, the U.S. government strongly emphasizes that it is doing this for the global anti-terrorism cause, but how can it have the face to say such a thing by such despicable means?
submitted by ParkFlying to u/ParkFlying [link] [comments]

2023.03.20 02:25 chronic-venting The Next Christian Sex-Abuse Scandal

As sex-abuse allegations multiply, Billy Graham's grandson is on a mission to persuade Protestant churches to come clean.
By Kathryn Joyce May 5, 2014
(links added)

I. The Calling

In November 2012, Bob Jones University, the longtime flagship institution of fundamentalism, announced it had hired GRACE (short for Godly Response to Abuse in the Christian Environment), an independent group of evangelical lawyers, pastors, and psychologists, to investigate the university's handling of sexual-abuse and -harassment reports. Bob Jones officials said they were taking the step after watching the [child sexual abuse] scandal unfold at Pennsylvania State University the previous year. They vowed to ask forgiveness of any students they may have "underserved."
In truth, the origins of the investigation were closer to home. In 2011, an abuse scandal from years before had become national news with a 20/20 report. Tina Anderson, a 15-year-old who lived in New Hampshire, was raped and impregnated in 1997 by one of her church's deacons, then in his late thirties, while she was a babysitter for his family. When Anderson and her mother told their pastor, Bob Jones graduate Chuck Phelps, what had happened, Phelps had Anderson stand before the congregation while he read a confession of her pregnancy. She was then sent to a family in Colorado until the baby was born and given up for adoption. Anderson's rapist, a registered sex offender, was made to confess as well—but to adultery, not rape—and he remained at the church for years. Phelps, who'd gone on to be president of the fundamentalist Maranatha Baptist Bible College in Wisconsin, maintained close ties to Bob Jones, serving on its board of trustees as well as on its missionary and youth-camp boards.
Video Credit: Gabriel Arana
Author Kathryn Joyce talks about GRACE's investigation into sex abuse at Bob Jones University. The captions are adapted from a longer piece he wrote on the trip over at his website.
Students and alumni had already begun to agitate online against the school's lack of academic and student freedom, as well as its response to reports of sexual abuse. Anderson's story highlighted what these critics—dismissed by the school as disaffected "detractors"—saw as a pattern in how Bob Jones stigmatized students who reported rape or sexual assault. A senior named Christopher Peterman started a Facebook group and website called Do Right BJU, which aimed to remove Phelps from the board and called for a range of reforms; he organized the first campus protest in the university's history to raise awareness of sexual abuse. Phelps resigned from the board of trustees in December 2011, just days before the rally. But then a few months later, on the eve of graduating, Peterman was expelled for watching Glee, among other violations.
The story continued to grow. Peterman and alumni groups active on Facebook began to hear from more and more students who claimed they had been poorly treated when they reported sexual abuse to school staff. Over the following months, alumni pressured the university to update its policies and investigate the school's handling of abuse reports. They urged the university to hire GRACE, which had investigated allegations of sex abuse in two Christian missionary groups. To almost everyone's surprise, seven months after the 20/20 report aired, Bob Jones announced that it had listened.
It's hard to overstate the significance of the hire. Bob Jones, founded in 1927, isn't just any conservative Christian college; it's the de facto center of the national Independent Fundamental Baptist network, which functions almost as a denomination unto itself, with thousands of affiliated churches, feeder schools, and businesses including Bob Jones's textbook company, radio station, and music publisher. Outsiders call the school the "mother ship" of fundamentalism; the university prefers another moniker, "the fortress of faith."
To call Bob Jones insular doesn't quite cover it. On its compound in Greenville, South Carolina, once surrounded in part by barbed wire, faculty children were, until recently, born at the on-campus hospital, raised in the K-12 Bob Jones Academy, educated at the university, then sent out into the world armed with a list of approved churches (mostly those that send the school students or money and that are often pastored by Bob Jones "preacher boys" like Phelps). Until the early 2000s, faculty were paid minuscule wages—hovering around $15,000 a year for a full-time professor—in exchange for subsidized living and the commitment that the school would care for them into old age (a retirement plan called "The Promise"). Rules for students are infamously strict—no TV, no holding hands, no Christian contemporary music, and, until 2000, no interracial dating.
By 2012, though, the fortress no longer seemed inviolable. While Bob Jones was for decades the choice destination for conservative Christian students, enrollment at the school was dropping: down about 10 percent in the last decade and nearly 25 percent since its heyday in the early 1980s. Alumni blogs published pictures of what used to be an overflowing chapel, now left with hundreds of empty seats; two dorms are scheduled to be demolished this summer. Leaked minutes from a recent faculty meeting noted that Christian colleges are closing across the U.S. but that Bob Jones might find salvation in China and South Korea, where "the opportunity for Christian education" is still "unbelievable." The school has begun selling off assets: the radio station, the music publisher, the hospital. "The Promise" to support retiring faculty has been rescinded.
Even so, the idea that Bob Jones would reach outside itself for help was stunning—especially considering to whom it was reaching out. GRACE was founded by a member of evangelical royalty: Boz Tchividjian ("rhymes with religion," he likes to say), a former prosecutor who teaches law at Liberty University in Lynchburg, Virginia, Jerry Falwell's legacy school, and who is the grandson of "America's pastor," Billy Graham. Before he came to fame, Graham was a Bob Jones University dropout who Bob Jones Sr. said would never amount to more than a "poor country Baptist preacher somewhere out in the sticks." Though the two later became friends, they split again in 1957 over Graham's revival crusades—in particular, a crusade at Madison Square Garden that Jones, who'd warned Graham to avoid cities and politicians, condemned as too ecumenical and accommodating to modern society. The quarrel between the two men led to a rift between fundamentalists and evangelicals that persists today, as evangelicals seek to win souls by engaging mainstream culture and fundamentalists retreat from it. When Jones's great-grandson Stephen Jones, now president of the university, appealed to Graham's heir, it seemed like a transformative moment. Perhaps the fortress was raising its gates at last.
It was momentous for Tchividjian and GRACE as well. Tchividjian had become convinced that the Protestant world is teetering on the edge of a sex-abuse scandal similar to the one that had rocked the Catholic Church. He is careful to say that there's not enough data to compare the prevalence of child sex abuse in Protestant and Catholic institutions, but he's convinced the problem has reached a crisis point. He's not alone in that belief. In 2012, Christian radio host Janet Mefferd declared, "This is an epidemic going on in churches. … When are evangelicals going to wake up and say we have a massive problem in our own churches?"
For years, Protestants have assumed they were immune to the abuses perpetrated by celibate Catholic priests. But Tchividjian believes that Protestant churches, groups, and schools have been worse than Catholics in their response. Mission fields, he says, are "magnets" for would-be molesters; ministries and schools do not understand the dynamics of abuse; and "good ol' boy" networks routinely cover up victims' stories to protect their reputations. He fears it is only a matter of time before it all blows up in their faces and threatens the survival of powerful Protestant institutions.
In the past couple of years, Tchividjian has begun to look prophetic. Reports and allegations of sex abuse, rape, and harassment—and a culture that has badly mishandled them—have become more and more frequent. In fall 2012, former members of Sovereign Grace Ministries, a "family" of about 80 conservative churches from various theological traditions, filed a class-action lawsuit against the ministry for failing to report allegations of sex abuse in the 1980s and 1990s—including abuse perpetrated by church leaders' immediate family members—and discouraging victims and their families from going to law enforcement. (The lawsuit was dismissed last year because of expired statutes of limitations and jurisdictional questions, but an appeal and criminal investigations are under way.) This spring, an exposé in The New Republic revealed that Patrick Henry, the college of choice for evangelical homeschoolers, has covered up alleged campus rape and sexual assault, thanks largely to its victim-blaming emphasis on women's purity. Allegations of similar practices soon surfaced against other Christian colleges, including Pensacola Christian College in Florida and Cedarville University in Ohio. A documentary released in February, No Place to Call Home, recounts the systematic sexual abuse of children in the 1980s at Jesus People USA, an evangelical commune in Chicago. The empire of Bill Gothard, founder of the fundamentalist Institute in Basic Life Principles, crumbled earlier this year after bloggers revealed dozens of sexual-harassment and molestation claims against him.
Common threads run through the stories: authoritarian settings where rule-following and obedience reign supreme; counseling techniques that emphasize victims' own culpability; male leaders with few checks on their power; and, in the eyes of many Christians including Tchividjian, a perversion of the Bible to justify all three. "When you have this motley group of many denominations, this independent environment, and then this distortion of scripture, that's an environment where abuse can flourish," Tchividjian says. "But we've never been forced to deal with it on a Protestant-wide basis."
This will be a challenge. The Protestant world includes tens of thousands of denominations, plus thousands more nondenominational churches, ministries, mission boards, and subcultures. Unlike the Catholic Church, there is no Vatican, no shared leadership connecting, say, Calvary Chapel's 1,600 churches with the Southern Baptist Convention's 46,000. No common standards apply but the authority of scripture, which is interpreted differently from church to church, school to school, mission to mission.
Even with its tightly controlled hierarchy, the Catholic Church has responded abysmally to sex abuse. "The Catholics have been forced through three decades of lawsuits to address this issue," Tchividjian says. "The first decade, they gave it lip service, but after three decades, hundreds of millions of dollars lost, and publicity that devastated the Church, they were forced to begin addressing it. It's my prayer that we'll deal with it without being forced to."
GRACE's mission grew out of a phone call that Tchividjian received from a reporter in the summer of 2003. Now in private practice, Tchividjian for eight years had prosecuted child sex-abuse cases as a district attorney in northeastern Florida. The reporter was looking for perspective on a story. In a Pentecostal church in Wisconsin, a convicted sex offender who'd been allowed to volunteer in Sunday school had allegedly abused two sisters, ages 8 and 12. When the girls told their parents, their father went to the pastor, who advised a sit-down with the volunteer. During this meeting, Tchividjian says, "the perp did what perps usually do: cry and ask for forgiveness, so happy he was caught." The pastor said it sounded like repentance to him and that the accused could prove it by staying active in church life. Would that be enough to allow the father to forgive him, the pastor asked, and to forgo reporting the accused to "man's authority"? The father said OK, if that's what God wanted them to do. By the time the journalist called Tchividjian, six years later, the victims' family had been asked to leave the church and the Sunday school volunteer was about to go on trial.
The pastor's mishandling of the case touched a nerve with Tchividjian, who had seen similar dynamics play out many times. When he'd started working in the district attorney's office, criminal cases had been distributed to prosecutors "like a deck of cards," each prosecutor getting a mix from grand theft to molestation. Tchividjian saw how his colleagues shuddered at the sex-abuse cases and tended to plea them out quickly, as though the facts were too awful to bring to court. "It was almost too painful for them to grasp," he says. When Tchividjian requested to take on all the district's child sex-abuse cases, the other prosecutors happily obliged. In time, he established a sex-crimes unit that handled hundreds of cases over eight years.
All too often, he says, a pastor would come to court in a supportive role, almost always sitting on the perpetrator's side of the aisle, not the victim's. The Wisconsin case made Tchividjian think back on those pastors. He began to realize that he had a calling of his own: to teach the Protestant church to be part of the solution, instead of part of the problem. "I was encountering survivors who were absolutely eviscerated as a result of disclosing abuse in the Protestant church," Tchividjian says, "and the long-term damage is sometimes more from how the church responded, or failed to respond, than the abuse itself."
He contacted people he'd met over the years, advocates for abuse survivors he suspected were Christian, like Victor Vieth, former head of the Gundersen National Child Protection Training Center, and Diane Langberg, a Pennsylvania psychologist who specializes in trauma, including child abuse. Together, in 2004, they pulled together a board of lawyers, pastors, and therapists and formed GRACE. To their knowledge, this was the first group dedicated to educating Protestant churches about sex abuse and the ways in which religion can be used to sweep abuse under the rug.
They started speaking at conferences, urging Protestants to take child sex abuse seriously and support survivors rather than blame them. Tchividjian wrote a booklet for the World Reformed Fellowship, a cross-denominational network, on "Protecting Children from Abuse in the Church." Today GRACE, which still has no full-time staffers, offers prevention seminars for churches, along with consultations when abuse allegations arise.
On a snowy Saturday afternoon in January, in a converted shopping plaza north of Philadelphia, Tchividjian stood before several hundred staffers and volunteers at Calvary Chapel of Central Bucks County. Though he'd be hard to pick out of a crowd, with his close-cropped brown hair, glasses, and blazer-and-khakis uniform of a Baptist college professor, when Tchividjian gets going—as his talks escalate from campus lecture to closing argument to full-on sermon—you can hear and see a flash of the fiery young Billy Graham.
As he always does, Tchividjian delivered a scary set of facts: If general statistics apply-a quarter of U.S. women and a sixth of men have been sexually abused before age 18—Calvary Chapel's 1,000-member congregation might easily include 200 victims. But even that doesn't get at the scope of the problem, he said. Congregations need to understand that churches are targets and havens for abusers. One study has found that 93 percent of admitted sex offenders describe themselves as religious. Offenders who report strong church ties abuse more often, with younger victims. That's not because Christians are inherently more abusive, he said, but because they're more vulnerable to those who are. Tchividjian repeated what one convicted sex abuser told clinical psychologist Anna Salter in her book Predators: "Church people"—always looking to see the best in people, to welcome converts, to save sinful souls—are "easy to fool."
Tchividjian rattled off ways in which Christians' openness can allow abuse to go unchecked: Perpetrators tend to use scripture to coerce, justify, and silence. If they're clergy, they will exploit their positions; if they're laypeople, they will take advantage of a church hungry for volunteers and rely on the trust given to members of a church family. "The reason why offenders get away with what they do is because we have too many cultures of silence," Tchividjian said. "When something does surface, all too often the church leadership quiets it down. Because they're concerned about reputation: 'This could harm the name of Jesus, so let's just take care of it internally.'"
"Jesus doesn't need your reputation!" Tchividjian declared. "When somebody says that, it's a lie. Keeping things in the dark and allowing souls to be destroyed by abuse, that shames the Gospel. Jesus is all about transparency."
Calvary Chapel's pastor John Hessler, who preaches frequently about his own imperfect past as someone who enjoyed the 1960s, wants his church to be vigilant. "In the old days," Hessler says, "if you had a pulse or could fog a mirror, you could serve in children's ministry." By the time Calvary Chapel was founded 15 years ago, holding its first services in a barn, insurance companies had begun to require that churches conduct background checks on all volunteers. Hessler has made those checks increasingly rigorous, but even in the church's young life, he has run into a number of troubling situations. There was the middle-aged congregant who would drift out of service to linger around the Sunday school and who angrily quit the church when asked to stay away from the kids. There was one of the congregation's most straitlaced members, an eager would-be missionary, whose daughter alleged at 16 that he'd been molesting her for eight years. So when GRACE came to Philadelphia for a training session in 2013, Hessler sent several staff to attend. After the staff came back shaken, Hessler invited Tchividjian to address his church.
"It's a balancing act," Hessler says. "We don't want to live skeptically. How do you live in such a way that you're not suspecting that everybody is a dangerous person but are realistic enough to create boundaries so that a person who is a would-be perpetrator would find this too difficult an environment to operate in?"
It's a challenge for Tchividjian, too. Years of investigating abuse cases—"we spend our days swimming in Christian cesspools," he says—has left him hypervigilant. Megachurches with thousands of volunteers unnerve him, and after working on too many cases where girls were molested by someone in their best friend's family, Tchividjian and his wife no longer let their daughters spend the night at friends' houses, let alone church camps or "lock-in" church-basement sleepovers. "But for my wife," he says, "I don't trust anyone 100 percent—I've seen too much, too many scenarios. What I have to wrestle with is how do I deal with that? How do I balance that tension, between not trusting anyone and knowing that we have to function in life? You have to figure that out for yourself. But know this: Offenders exploit trust."

II. The Missions

In 2009, as invitations from church groups were multiplying, GRACE was tapped for a new kind of work. A Florida-based group, New Tribes Mission, was in trouble, as now-adult children of its missionaries were speaking out publicly about sex abuse at a New Tribes boarding school years earlier. Another phone call to Tchividjian, from out of the blue, led him from preaching prevention to once again investigating perps.
With more than 3,000 missionaries across 20 countries, New Tribes members have been described as the "Indiana Joneses of the missionary world." Founded by a Los Angeles missionary in 1942, New Tribes sends its staff to remote locales, from rural West Africa to the Arctic, to evangelize communities that don't have translations of the Bible.
Children of the missionaries are known in Christian shorthand as "MKs," for "missionary kids." About five years ago, a group of MKs whose parents were stationed in Senegal during the 1980s and 1990s started exchanging stories about the abuse they said they'd suffered. New Tribes had some 20 or 30 couples spread across Senegal, embedded with villagers they were trying to convert. New Tribes culture (though not formal policy) dictated that children, when they reached six or seven, were sent to a central mission boarding school so their parents could focus on evangelizing.
In Senegal, the school was in the city of Fanda. The children lived there under the supervision of untrained and usually reluctant New Tribes "dorm parents"—some of them missionaries who'd failed in the field—and saw their biological parents infrequently until graduation. The dorm parents and the missionaries were themselves overseen by field leaders, whose power and control, GRACE would later write in its investigative report, "paralleled that of a pastoral staff, a congregational board of Elders, a set of church Deacons, an employer, a local civil government, and a family chieftain, all in one." Former staff members are more blunt. They describe field leaders as despotic.
The dorm parents—whom the MKs were taught to call aunts and uncles, and to see as representatives of God—were permitted to spank the children, and MKs describe spankings that were more like beatings, leaving children with welts after minor infractions like failing to sleep at naptime. Some say they were subjected to cruel and bizarre punishments like being forced to eat their own vomit. "The culture at school was one of fear," says Bonnie Cheshire, a 34-year-old MK who was sent to Fanda at age 7.
In the mid-1980s, one of the dorm fathers, David Brooks, who oversaw the "Little Dorm" for the youngest children, allegedly began sexually abusing girls, including Cheshire. The missionary kids say he would come to their beds at night under the guise of comforting them and touch them inappropriately. They say he taught them to masturbate and he encouraged the girls to take pictures of one another in the shower and to play games that involved finding objects hidden in his or other girls' bathing suits. Another dorm father allegedly punished girls by holding them down and kissing them. One allegedly groped a missionary kid's breasts. The wife of a New Tribes missionary allegedly had sex with a male MK. In all, seven staff members at Fanda were accused of sexual abuse.
MKs' letters home were censored, but when some of the girls told their parents what was occurring, and when parents told New Tribes field directors, they were told that they were gossiping and that their "slander" would "destroy another man's ministry." The kids say they were told that their complaints would condemn Africans to hell, because their parents would no longer be there to save souls. The parents of the MK who alleged statutory rape were sent back to New Tribes' "boot camp" and eventually expelled from the field.
In 1988, Brooks left Senegal for a medical furlough. In late 1989, while he was on leave in the United States, additional allegations of abuse emerged from Fanda. Brooks made a partial confession to New Tribes administrators and was asked to resign the following spring. But New Tribes never notified U.S. or Senegalese authorities, and he was never prosecuted.
New Tribes' Senegal mission exemplifies what Tchividjian and GRACE call "spiritual abuse"—wielding religious authority to persuade the victims that they were responsible for what happened to them. They say such abuse is often the by-product of "legalism," a catchall term for rigid, rule-oriented Christianity wherein the state of your soul is reflected by the length of your skirt or how you discipline your children. "Legalism" is often used by moderate Christians to decry the petty obsessions of fundamentalists. But the term also reflects a seminal theological debate within Protestantism, which was originally grounded in the conviction that Christians are saved "by grace alone"—that is, by their profession of faith and not by their actions. Abuse victims often describe the communities they came from as legalistic: isolated and authoritarian bodies that placed obedience and rules above all else, where no one was allowed to make small mistakes and where crimes had to be covered up to protect the cause of Christ.
New Tribes' school in Fanda closed in 1997, officially because of security concerns as civil war raged within the country, but unofficially because so many missionaries withdrew their children from the school that there were no longer enough students to maintain it. That same year, New Tribes conducted an ill-conceived internal investigation into the abuse claims. Mission officials sat in on missionary kids' interviews, and in the end, all but one of the abuse victims declined to testify. Consequently, New Tribes identified just two perpetrators and cast the abuse that occurred at Fanda as an exception. New Tribes continued to operate schools in other countries it was evangelizing.
In 2008, Kari Mikitson, another Fanda MK who claims to have been abused, contacted New Tribes looking for answers: What had the mission known about the alleged abuses while they were being perpetrated, and what actions had it taken to ensure it would not happen again in other New Tribes schools? The mission board and lawyers met with Mikitson and Cheshire to offer an apology and ask for forgiveness. That wasn't enough. Mikitson and other MKs founded a website, fandaeagles.com, to publicize the alleged abuse. The site has had 3.6 million views and shows up on Google searches right below the New Tribes Mission website. New Tribes subsequently conducted a second cursory review of the Fanda allegations. When the MKs kept up the pressure, the mission agreed to hire a neutral party to investigate.
The missionary kids were initially skeptical of yet another group promising a "Godly response," as GRACE did. "This was the same terminology used against us by New Tribes to justify both the abuses and the cover-ups," Mikitson says. "In evangelical-speak, 'Godly response' to abuse means using any means necessary to protect the institution's bottom line, while piously pretending their real concern is protecting the name of Jesus." But GRACE offered to fly Mikitson to Florida to observe one of its church trainings. She went prepared to "cross GRACE off the list" but instead heard such a staunch defense of victims' rights that she became convinced that the group was right for the job.
GRACE took New Tribes's commission with two conditions: that the investigation would be independent and that its final report would be provided to MKs and their families, with New Tribes only learning the results after GRACE's investigators completed their confidential interviews.
Their report wouldn't lead to criminal charges, because the alleged abuses had taken place so long ago and outside the United States. Instead, GRACE aimed for another sort of reckoning. Tchividjian shies away from comparisons to truth and reconciliation commissions like South Africa's, because of how the word "reconciliation" is often used in a Christian context: as an end point to be reached as expeditiously as possible, as code for cheap grace. True reconciliation, Tchividjian maintains, is the prerogative of the harmed; beyond that, it's up to God. Instead, GRACE aimed for radical truth-telling. Its report would give New Tribes a factual accounting of how it failed the MKs so that it might confess, repent, and change its practices. "From day one," Tchividjian says, "we thought the objective should be to demonstrate authentic repentance, to know where you've failed and to be transparent about it."
GRACE board members, including theologians and pastors, volunteered to serve on the investigative team along with former prosecutors Tchividjian and Victor Vieth and psychologist Diane Langberg. They expected the process to take a few weeks. Instead, it lasted more than a year, culminating in a 66-page report. The abuse turned out to be far more widespread and severe than anything even a former prosecutor could have imagined. "We lost a little bit of our soul on that investigation," Tchividjian says.
The investigators began by sending a confidential questionnaire to all the Fanda students from the 1980s and 1990s whom they could find. Fifty-six of 108 MKs responded (compared to a 3 percent rate when New Tribes tried), and GRACE's team interviewed 21 in person or by phone, taking written statements from a dozen more. They also reviewed more than 1,000 pages of mission records and interviewed nearly 40 New Tribes staff who had been associated with the Fanda school.
Released in August 2010, the report identified more than 20 victims of alleged sexual abuse and documented dozens more physical and emotional abuse allegations. The victims of spiritual abuse at Fanda, GRACE concluded, "may well include almost the total school population." In addition, missionary kids from other New Tribes boarding schools around the world had gotten in touch with GRACE, with some reports going back to the 1950s, and it recommended that New Tribes investigate those claims as thoroughly as those from Fanda. "We have seen what the devil does with silence and inaction," the investigators concluded, "and we reject it as the sin that it is."
The report offered a checklist of ways that New Tribes could demonstrate repentance: Establish a $1 million fund for victims' and their families' care; terminate 14 former dorm parents and supervisors; notify the abusers' current churches; cooperate with future lawsuits; and, for those Fanda and New Tribes leaders who had ignored the abuse, require a penalty tithe of 10 percent of their paychecks for the victims' fund.
Tchividjian and the other investigators spent a day going through the report with New Tribes' board of directors. They prayed together, and New Tribes agreed on the spot to most of the recommendations. The mission's CEO, Larry Brown, told the conservative Christian World magazine that the board was "ashamed" by what GRACE had found and acknowledged that Fanda's authoritarian atmosphere and theology—specifically its culture of "legalism"—was to blame. He pledged to find out what had happened at the other schools.
"It seemed very clear to us that they got it," Tchividjian says. But that was the immediate response. "The long-term response," Tchividjian says, "was that New Tribes pulled back significantly from us. I think what was happening was other institutions were looking at them thinking, 'Why in the world would you hire a group to do what they did? They dragged you through the mud.'"
New Tribes soon announced new investigations of alleged abuses in at least nine other schools in eight other countries—but this time, it wouldn't be hiring GRACE. The mission hired a new coordinator to administer investigations under the project name IHART, or Independent Historical Abuse Review Team. New Tribes has told the missionary kids that whatever information the research turns up "will be stored at a law firm," accessible only through "a legal process." (New Tribes leaders declined repeated requests for comment on the investigations and to answer questions about whether it has implemented the recommendations in GRACE's report.)
"I think what happened with GRACE and the Fanda report is they took New Tribes by surprise, and it was a huge blow to them when it came out," says Rachel Steffen, a former New Tribes missionary who says that her two daughters were sexually abused by a dorm parent in the Philippines. "I think they vowed that they would never lose control like that again."
Nearly four years later, only one of New Tribes' subsequent investigations has been completed, for a school in Brazil, and the results have not been released.
In 2011, as the initial promise of GRACE's first investigation turned to disappointment, another embattled missionary group came calling. The Association of Baptists for World Evangelism (ABWE) was founded in 1927 by a splinter group called "Regular Baptists" to promote a "militant, missionary-minded, Biblically-separate haven of Fundamentalism." Thanks in part to its insular culture, the group remains obscure even in conservative Christian circles—GRACE's leaders had never heard of it—but ABWE is hardly marginal, with around 900 missionaries in 60 countries, backed by some 5,000 supporting churches. Here was a second chance to establish GRACE's model of redemption in a group that was struggling with its past sins.
In 1988, one of ABWE's missionary doctors in Bangladesh, Donn Ketcham, allegedly began sexually abusing and raping a 12-year-old missionary kid who asked not to be named; we'll call her Julia. Ketcham, then in his late fifties, was a beloved figure with deep ties to ABWE; his Baptist-preacher father had helped found the General Association of Regular Baptists. He was charming and charismatic and alleged to have had serial affairs with younger female ABWE staff, more than once resulting in the woman's dismissal.
Julia's sister Diana, a 41-year-old pastor's wife in Colorado who alleges that Ketcham groped her in Bangladesh, told the Prospect the story she and Julia shared with GRACE. In July 1989, the sisters were back home visiting an adult sister in Indiana when Julia, who hadn't revealed what had occurred to anyone in the family, told their pastor what Ketcham had allegedly done. Instead of informing the family, Diana says, the pastor phoned ABWE headquarters in Pennsylvania. A staff psychologist, Russell Lloyd, flew to Indiana with Ketcham's supervisor, Russell Ebersole, to determine whether Julia was telling the truth. Once convinced, Diana says, they compelled Julia, who was just shy of her 14th birthday, to sign a confession stating that she had "participated in a physical relationship" with the doctor and that what she did was "very wrong." The ABWE officials then flew with Julia to Bangladesh. Julia's parents were made aware of her "confession" but never told that their daughter had said she had been raped. Julia was made to ask her family's forgiveness.
Lloyd and Ebersole confronted Ketcham, who left the mission field and returned to his home state of Michigan. ABWE sent a vague notice to the churches that sponsored Ketcham's missionary work, stating that he'd been let go for "immoral conduct"—a phrase that most read as adultery. Ketcham established a family medical practice where local church members sent their children, and where he continued to work for more than 20 years. (ABWE did not reply to repeated interview requests for this story; attempts to reach Ketcham, now in his eighties, through his daughter yielded no response.)
Julia struggled with eating disorders and repeatedly attempted suicide. By the time the family left Bangladesh in 1991 to get her better counseling, Diana says that the alleged rape had "forever altered her life." The family wouldn't hear her whole story for another 20 years.
More than a decade after Julia's family returned to the United States, stories about Ketcham began to surface. At least two MKs allege they were raped, and five others allege being groped under the pretext of unnecessary breast or pelvic examinations. Another six or seven missionary kids accuse Ketcham of drugging and abusing them. They remember being alone with Ketcham at the ABWE hospital or in his home and waking up in the morning feeling hazy and nauseated, unable to recall what happened the night before. At a 2002 ABWE reunion, a group of now-adult Bangladesh MKs confronted the mission's new president, Michael Loftis, about Ketcham.
They went away expecting the mission to launch an investigation, or at least report Ketcham to the Michigan Board of Medicine. But ABWE offered only to help pay for victims' counseling. Little happened until 2011, when Julia spoke out publicly. After finally telling her family about her alleged rape, she co-founded a website, BangladeshMKsSpeak, with another missionary kid, Susannah Beals Baker. The site detailed Julia's story and published testimonies from other victims. In the first week it was live, BangladeshMKsSpeak attracted thousands of comments and scores of other stories.
ABWE was forced to respond. The mission reported Ketcham to Michigan's medical board; within a year, he surrendered his license. On its website, ABWE published a confession of its own, acknowledging that Ketcham should have been fired years earlier and that the vagueness of its dismissal letter had allowed the doctor to conceal his alleged acts. The letter pleaded with the MKs to "please, please forgive us." ABWE president Michael Loftis was let go. By mid-April, at the missionary kids' urging, GRACE had a new job, investigating Ketcham and ABWE's response.
GRACE went to work in June 2011. It soon became clear, however, that ABWE was not enthusiastic about being investigated. The mission failed to produce documents GRACE requested, Tchividjian says, and in early 2012, ABWE began a separate investigation of all its missions. The result was a brief website notice stating that a handful of abuse cases had been confirmed, that unnamed offenders had been identified, and that none was still working in the field. Some allegations were not reviewed, ABWE said, because "the victims did not consent to pursuing an investigation." While GRACE's investigation continued, Diana says the mission tried to undermine it: ABWE leaders offered compensation for Julia's treatment in what struck the family as an attempt to buy her future silence. They said no.
In January 2013, after more than 100 interviews, GRACE announced, in a routine update on its website, that its investigation was nearly complete. Three weeks later, ABWE fired GRACE, alleging that the investigation was "fatally flawed" and "would not find the truth." For survivors and their families, this was devastating news; it meant, under the terms of its contract with the mission, that GRACE's report could not be released.
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2023.03.20 01:04 therealmafioso99 Jeep compass 2012 2.4 L hesitation when accelerating

Hello I just replaced my fuel pump on the jeep but the acceleration still seems pretty slow and even hesitates when I lay down on the peddle. Any tips or suggestions would be helpful!
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2023.03.19 20:31 Justthing Jeep liberty 2008 sky slider

I need to know what kind of fabric the sky slider is made of. Does anyone know what kind of fabric or material it's made of?
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2023.03.19 17:29 Few-Recognition-7557 Jeep liberty 08. Replacing resonator, but a mechanic welded 2.0 OD pipe onto 2.5OD and I am out of ideas of what to do. Was considering cutting through the 2.0 and getting an adapter to fit it to the resonator, but no adapters exist for these two dimensions. The new resonator outlet is 2.5ID.

Jeep liberty 08. Replacing resonator, but a mechanic welded 2.0 OD pipe onto 2.5OD and I am out of ideas of what to do. Was considering cutting through the 2.0 and getting an adapter to fit it to the resonator, but no adapters exist for these two dimensions. The new resonator outlet is 2.5ID. submitted by Few-Recognition-7557 to MechanicAdvice [link] [comments]

2023.03.18 19:06 One_Total9757 Car stalls when cold - Idle air control valve issue?

Edit: 2012 Jeep Liberty
I'll preface by saying I know virtually nothing about cars, and I only know what an IAC valve is because I saw someone on YouTube describe what sounded like my car problem as being caused by a dirty IAC valve.
When the weather is cold and my car has sat parked for some time (8+ hours), I experience an issue where the car will stall.
I can turn the car on fine.
I can usually drive in reverse just fine.
It's when I go to drive forward that the car will not move, I will hear a whirring/spinning noise, and after a few seconds, the car will lurch forward and drive.
Once the car has warmed up, the problem goes away.
This doesn't always happen, and when it does, it happens when it's cold, usually first thing in the morning.
Any ideas? I'm scared to go into a shop because I know nothing about cars and would be easy to take advantage of.
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2023.03.18 19:02 KhoaFraelich Is A Used Jeep A Smart Choice?

Is A Used Jeep A Smart Choice?

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Built To Survive

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In addition to being a reliable, family-friendly vehicle considering a Jeep as your next SUV also opens the door to a world of fun and exciting adventure as a worthy off-road vehicle. Many used Jeeps come ready-made to go off-road, offering higher ground clearance, tuned suspension, all-wheel drive, and general-purpose tires. You may even find some used Jeeps that have been custom tailored for enhanced off-road performance with bigger tires, lift kits, off-road accessories, and more.

Different Models To Consider

Even though you can find a Jeep Wrangler that is well over 30 years old, it would be advised to keep your search for a used Jeep to within the past decade or so. The 5-10 year old mark most often offers the best price point for a used Jeep. Typically the cost is more manageable, but the performance and reliability remain without needing additional costly service or repairs.

Within this time frame, you will find many notable models that have years of successful reliability and performance under the hood. The best choice depends on the type of used SUV you actually need. This may also depend on your driving needs, family size, typical commutes, and more. The good news is Jeep makes a model for everyone regardless of what they need.

For traditional urban driving, a used Grand Cherokee is an excellent choice to consider due to the large, spacious interior and excellent handling for a vehicle of this size range. The Grand Cherokee, in particular, looks and feels like a full-size SUV but with the handling, acceleration, and traction of something much smaller. This is due in large part to an excellent all-wheel drive system, refined suspension, and chassis footprint.

For something smaller, the Jeep Patriot or Renegade is an excellent way to go. These SUV’s can still hold 4-5 people with some extra room for cargo if necessary. This makes them the perfect option for a weekend getaway or camping trip where you need a single platform to hold everything and everyone coming along. Ultimately, Patriot or Renegade is a great middle ground option for those needing a slightly more compact SUV.

A mainstay in the Jeep lineup geared toward fun, adventure, and off-road use, the Jeep Wrangler is a legend. With its versatile layout, available in 2-door or 4-door configurations, and with the ability to have the top removed, the Wrangler is a favorite as a used SUV. The Wrangler, while smaller than most other Jeep models, comes with the customization and personalization modern SUV owners expect. Even though the model excels off-road, it is also a perfect SUV for city driving as well.

Discovering The Perfect Used Jeep

As with any used SUV, finding the right vehicle takes time, research, test driving, and a great dealership. It is best to find a dealership that can give you the most assistance possible in a straightforward and clear manner. Many used car dealerships may be able to provide you with the help you need to find the right Jeep, but finding the right dealership is undoubtedly important.

When you aren’t sure which Jeep model might be the best for you, a good dealership will be there to offer you a test drive of the many different models and discuss all of the options. Having your questions answered face-to-face by a friendly expert who knows all the essential details about each Jeep model is a benefit as well. Information is essential, and your dealership is a key part of ensuring you get the right information and the right Jeep.

In the end, it is difficult to go wrong with any Jeep model. With models that are fun, practical, and reliable it’s just a matter of selecting which one suits your individual needs the best. If you’re in the market for a used SUV, start your search today to find that dream Jeep today.

Source: Autoinfluence
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2023.03.18 17:28 HoopsMcCant 2012 Jeep Compass Lift gate won’t unlock. Has anyone had any luck opening the lift gate from the inside?

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