The knot registry mark as purchased


2011.03.01 01:47 flipmosquad r/23andMe

Talk about your genes and their possible implications! Discord:

2016.04.22 14:21 CenturiousUbiquitous Sailor Moon Drops Fan Discussion

Sailor Moon Drops is a fan-community for a match-3 game originally released by Bandai, and re-made and rereleased by a single fan developer for Android. Keep things family friendly here.

2014.09.07 18:03 Pants!

Welcome to SupergirlTV, a subreddit about the comic-book TV series starring Melissa Benoist. Discuss anything and everything about the show here.

2023.05.31 11:04 Big-Tip7720 Kabirdas Jayanti 2023: Date, History, and Life Journey of Sant Kabirdas

Kabirdas Jayanti 2023: Date, History, and Life Journey of Sant Kabirdas

Kabirdas Jayanti is an auspicious occasion celebrated to honor the birth anniversary of the esteemed saint and poet, Kabirdas. His teachings and spiritual wisdom continue to inspire people across generations. In this blog, we will explore the significance of Kabirdas Jayanti, delve into the history of this revered saint, and trace the remarkable life journey of Sant Kabirdas.
Date of Kabirdas Jayanti
Kabirdas Jayanti is observed on the full moon day of the Hindu month Jyeshtha, which typically falls in the months of May or June. In 2023, Kabirdas Jayanti will be celebrated on the 04th of June.
History of Sant Kabirdas
Sant Kabirdas, widely regarded as one of the most influential saints in the history of India, lived during the 15th century. His birthplace is said to be Lahartara, a village near Varanasi, in present-day Uttar Pradesh, India. Kabirdas' teachings blended elements of Hinduism and Islam, promoting unity, love, and a deep devotion to the Supreme Being.
Life Journey of Sant Kabirdas:
  1. Early Life:
Kabirdas was born to Muslim parents, but he was adopted and raised by a Hindu couple named Niru and Nima. This unique background provided him with exposure to different religious and cultural influences, shaping his inclusive and universalistic worldview.
  1. Spiritual Awakening:
Kabirdas' spiritual journey began when he experienced a profound transformation, prompted by encounters with various saints and spiritual masters. His deep yearning for spiritual knowledge led him to embark on a path of self-realization and devotion.
  1. Quest for Truth:
Kabirdas sought guidance from spiritual luminaries such as Ramananda, a renowned Hindu saint, and Shaikh Taqqi, a Sufi master. He learned from their teachings and integrated the essence of their wisdom into his own spiritual practice.
  1. Poetry and Dohas:
Kabirdas expressed his spiritual insights and reflections through his poignant poetry. His verses, known as dohas, were simple, profound and accessible to people from all walks of life. These dohas emphasized the importance of self-realization, moral conduct, and the unity of all beings.
  1. Social Reformer:
Kabirdas was a vocal critic of social divisions and prejudices. His teachings advocated equality, condemned discrimination based on caste and religion, and promoted the importance of inner purity over external rituals. He aimed to bridge the gap between different communities, fostering harmony and universal brotherhood.
  1. Legacy and Influence:
Kabirdas' teachings have had a lasting impact on spiritual and literary traditions. His poetry continues to be revered and studied by scholars, and his messages of love, compassion, and self-realization resonate with millions of people worldwide.
Kabirdas Jayanti is a cherished occasion that celebrates the birth anniversary of Sant Kabirdas. His life journey, marked by a spiritual awakening, inclusive teachings, and poetic expression, continues to inspire and guide seekers on the path of spirituality. Kabirdas' teachings transcend religious boundaries and emphasize the universal principles of love, unity, and moral conduct. As we celebrate Kabirdas Jayanti, let us reflect upon the profound wisdom of this great saint and strive to incorporate his teachings into our lives. Get Download and Share Kabirdas Jayanti images and videos from in just 10 seconds.
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2023.05.31 11:04 WearyFlan210 Upgraded from 1080p, 60hz very poor ips panel! Bought a g27q

Wow I wish people had explained the difference to me earlier… recently purchased a 1440p, 144hz Ips monitor to actually get some use out of my new 4070
The difference is incredible, it’s buttery smooth, games feel fluid, no more annoying motion blur or failing to track what’s happening on screen, even just rotating the camera in a game like divinity original sin 2 feels buttery..
The new panel is ips, was worried cause there’s always the concerns about blacks washing out but it’s so much better for colours and for blacks compared to my old ips and va monitor I was using I just need to upgrade my second monitor now because it’s abit strange moving from a 1440p screen onto a 1080 screen 😂
What’s crazy is the g27q is viewed as very mid range but to me this quality and improvement is leaps and bounds ahead of what I had, can’t imagine how much better a high end screen would be
The ONLY issue I’m having is I can see my rgb keyboard lights reflecting off the screen, my others didn’t do that but a little shifting of the screen and it’ll be fine
submitted by WearyFlan210 to Monitors [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 11:04 Alternative_Split112 Superman Year one

Chapter 44: Triumph Over Adversity
In the aftermath of the fierce battle with Mongul, Superman and the Justice League were left reeling from the physical and emotional toll it had taken. The loss of their fallen comrades, including Supergirl, weighed heavily on their hearts, but they refused to let grief consume them.
Superman, still recovering from his injuries, found solace and strength in the presence of his family and friends. His cousin Kara, alive and resilient, stood by his side, providing unwavering support and reminding him of the importance of hope. Together, they shared their pain and vowed to honor the memory of those they had lost.
With the support of Martian Manhunter, Batman, Wonder Woman, and the entire Justice League, Superman channeled his grief into a renewed determination to protect the innocent and fight for justice. They forged ahead, knowing that their fallen comrades would want them to carry on their legacy of heroism.
In their pursuit of justice, Superman and the Justice League encountered new challenges and adversaries. The battles were arduous, but their unwavering unity and indomitable spirit propelled them forward. Superman's resolve grew stronger with each passing day, his commitment to defending the world unyielding.
Amidst their tireless efforts, Superman also found solace in the company of his loved ones. Spending time with his family, including his wife Lois, brought him moments of peace and joy amidst the chaos of their superhero lives. The love and support they shared served as a constant reminder of the importance of balancing duty with personal connections.
Together with Supergirl and the rest of the Justice League, Superman faced numerous threats that tested their abilities and resolve. From formidable supervillains to global crises, they stood united, never wavering in their commitment to protect humanity.
As the battles continued, Supergirl's presence became a symbol of resilience and hope. Her survival after the encounter with Mongul inspired the team, reminding them that even in the face of great adversity, they could rise again.
Superman, fueled by his love for his cousin and his unwavering dedication to the values of truth and justice, led the charge against the forces that threatened their world. With Supergirl by his side, they forged an unbreakable bond as they fought side by side, their combined strength and determination a force to be reckoned with.
Their victories were hard-won, but each triumph served as a testament to the power of unity and the unwavering spirit of the Justice League. The world watched in awe as they faced seemingly insurmountable challenges and emerged victorious, inspiring hope in the hearts of people everywhere.
As they navigated the complexities of their dual lives as heroes and ordinary individuals, Clark cherished the time spent with his family, friends, and the Justice League. In the face of adversity, their unwavering support and love provided him with the strength to carry on, knowing that their collective efforts were making a difference in the world.
And so, the story of Superman and the Justice League continued, marked by resilience, love, and a commitment to protecting the world from evil. With each battle fought and each victory won, they stood as a beacon of hope, a symbol of what humanity could achieve when united for a greater cause.
As they faced new challenges and unknown threats, they did so with an unshakable belief in the power of good. Together, they forged a legacy that would endure, inspiring future generations to rise above adversity and embrace their inner hero.
And so, the saga of Superman and his allies continued, their unwavering dedication ensuring that the world would always have a beacon of hope to look towards in its darkest hours.
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2023.05.31 11:04 Successful_Major1966 Daniel H Cole: Exchange Rate Fluctuations on Corporate Finance

An Empirical Study in the US

Daniel H Cole once said, "The exchange rate is the strongest link between a company's operations and the global economy." This statement holds that exchange rate fluctuations significantly impact corporate financial performance. In the United States, companies that engage in international trade are exposed to currency risk, which can affect their profitability, cash flows, and financial stability. Changes in exchange rates can lead to increased costs of imported raw materials, decreased revenue from exports, and lower profits.
Therefore, examining the impact of exchange rate fluctuations on corporate financial performance is critical for companies to manage their risks better and stay competitive in the global market. In this empirical study, we will investigate the relationship between exchange rate fluctuations and the financial performance of US companies using various financial performance indicators.

Understanding Exchange Rate Fluctuations:

Daniel H Cole, a prominent finance expert, provides valuable insights into understanding exchange rate fluctuations. According to him, exchange rates represent the value of one currency relative to another. These rates fluctuate considerably due to global economic trends, political events, and central bank policies. These fluctuations can impact corporate financial performance by affecting cash flows, profitability, and competitiveness.
For instance, a company that imports raw materials from a country with a weaker currency may have to pay higher costs due to depreciation in its domestic currency. Conversely, a company that exports products to a country with a weaker currency may see a decline in revenue due to the appreciation of its domestic currency. Therefore, understanding exchange rate fluctuations is crucial for companies to develop effective risk management strategies to mitigate currency risk and enhance their financial performance. This entails monitoring currency trends, evaluating the impact of exchange rate changes on the company's financial statements, and implementing hedging strategies to offset potential losses due to currency volatility.
In summary, companies that stay abreast of exchange rate fluctuations and implement appropriate risk mitigation measures can effectively navigate the complex global economic landscape and achieve sustained financial success.

Impact on Revenue:

The impact of exchange rate fluctuations on revenue cannot be understated, as it directly affects a company's top-line growth and profitability. When exchange rates fluctuate, the value of products and services the company sells is impacted in two ways: through changes in the price of goods/services and the volume of sales. Suppose a company's domestic currency appreciates against the foreign currency. In that case, the cost of their goods /services increases in foreign markets, leading to lower sales volumes and revenues as foreign customers switch to cheaper alternatives.
Conversely, if a company's domestic currency depreciates, it can increase sales volumes as the more affordable prices attract foreign customers. However, the economic environment in which a company operates can influence the extent to which its revenue is affected by currency fluctuations. For example, in an economic downturn, customers may be less sensitive to price changes and may continue to purchase goods irrespective of exchange rates. An empirical study by Lee and Shin (2019) found that exchange rate fluctuations have a significant impact on the revenue of US firms, with an increase in exchange rate volatility negatively affecting the income of firms in the technology and consumer services sectors, while firms in the energy sector experienced increased revenue with exchange rate volatility.
Similarly, Beaupain and Marcel (2017) found that fluctuations in the Euro/US dollar exchange rate resulted in significant revenue loss for US multinational firms operating in the Eurozone. The study concluded that firms should consider hedging strategies to mitigate the negative impact of exchange rate fluctuations on their revenue.

Impact on Expenses:

The impact of exchange rate fluctuations extends beyond revenue and affects a company's expenses. Changes in exchange rates can lead to higher costs of imported raw materials, travel expenses, and debt repayments. Additionally, companies may be required to adjust their pricing and marketing strategies to account for changes in exchange rates, which can further increase expenses. Daniel H Cole emphasizes that fluctuations in exchange rates can directly impact a company's profitability by affecting its cost structure.
When a company's domestic currency depreciates against the foreign currency, it can increase the cost of imported raw materials, making it more expensive to produce its products. If the company passes these increased costs to its customers through higher prices, it risks losing its competitive edge as customers may switch to cheaper alternatives. Conversely, if the company absorbs these increased costs, it risks eroding its profitability. An empirical study by Hong and Kwak (2019) on Korean firms found that exchange rate fluctuations significantly impact a company's expenses.
The study revealed that a depreciation of the Korean won led to increased material costs and decreased profitability for Korean firms. Similarly, a survey by Abbas et al. (2018) found that fluctuations in the Euro/Pakistan Rupee exchange rate increased the travel expenses of Pakistani firms, negatively impacting their profitability.

Impact on Profitability:

The impact of exchange rate fluctuations on profitability has been extensively studied and is significant. Changes in exchange rates can impact a company's revenue and expenses, ultimately affecting its profitability. When a company's domestic currency depreciates against a foreign currency, its profits can be negatively impacted due to increased costs of imported raw materials and debt obligations. Additionally, a decrease in revenue due to decreased sales volumes can lead to a decline in profitability.
Empirical studies have shown that exchange rate fluctuations have a significant impact on the profitability of US companies. A study by Choi et al. (2017) found that exchange rate volatility negatively affected the profitability of US technology firms, while firms in the energy sector experienced an increase in profitability. Similarly, Leblebicioglu and Baum (2018) found that exchange rate fluctuations significantly impacted firms' profitability in the US automotive industry. The impact of exchange rate fluctuations on profitability is not limited to the US. A study by Hallak and Sivadasan (2017) on Canadian firms showed that exchange rate fluctuations significantly impacted firms' profitability in the manufacturing and wholesale industries.
Another study by Makhbul and Hamzah (2017) on Malaysian firms found that changes in the US dollaMalaysian ringgit exchange rate significantly impacted the profitability of Malaysian firms.
Companies can use various hedging strategies to mitigate the negative impact of exchange rate fluctuations on profitability. Crudu and Basu (2017) found that firms that used currency options experienced lower exchange rate volatility and higher profitability than firms that did not use hedging strategies. To conclude, as Daniel H Cole stated, exchange rate fluctuations have a profound impact on corporate financial performance, which cannot be ignored by companies engaged in international trade in the US.
The empirical studies examined in this article demonstrate that fluctuations in exchange rates can significantly affect a company's revenue, expenses, and profitability. Therefore, companies must develop effective risk management strategies and use various hedging instruments to mitigate currency risk and maintain their competitiveness in the global market. The academic literature indicates that companies that stay abreast of exchange rate developments and implement effective hedging strategies can achieve sustained financial success despite the challenges of the complex global economy. In summary, understanding the impact of exchange rate fluctuations on corporate financial performance is a critical aspect of international finance that companies must master in today's dynamic global market.
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2023.05.31 11:03 Alternative_Split112 Superman Year one

Chapter 43: Triumph Over Adversity
In the wake of the brutal confrontation with Mongul, Clark Kent, as Superman, was left battered and bruised, his spirit tested like never before. The loss of his cousin, Supergirl, weighed heavily on him, as did the knowledge that an entire planet of imprisoned Kryptonians had suffered under Brainiac's grasp. Despite the pain, he knew that he had to gather his strength and fight back.
Surrounded by his loved ones and trusted allies, Clark found solace and support. His wife Lois, his adoptive mother Martha, his cousin Kara, and the ever-reliable Martian Manhunter stood by his side, offering their unwavering support and reminding him of the indomitable spirit that resided within him.
In the face of such devastating loss, Clark sought comfort in spending time with his family and friends. He cherished the moments of laughter and shared memories, finding solace in their presence. His faithful dog, Krypto, provided unconditional love and support, serving as a reminder of the simpler joys in life.
Together with Martian Manhunter, Batman, and Wonder Woman, Superman devised a plan to confront Mongul and free the imprisoned Kryptonians. Their alliance was strengthened by their shared determination to right the wrongs that had been inflicted upon their people.
The battle that ensued was fierce and intense. Mongul, fueled by his desire for power, proved to be a formidable adversary, testing Superman's limits both physically and emotionally. The weight of the fight was felt by every member of the team as they fought tooth and nail to protect the innocent and restore freedom.
Superman's resilience and unwavering determination shone through as he drew upon his inner strength, refusing to let Mongul's tyranny prevail. With each blow exchanged, he tapped into the depths of his power, fueled by the memory of his fallen cousin and the hope of a better future.
Supported by the unwavering resolve of his allies, Superman fought back with everything he had. The combined efforts of Martian Manhunter, Batman, and Wonder Woman proved crucial in turning the tide of the battle. Their unity and coordinated attacks weakened Mongul's grip on power, leaving him vulnerable to defeat.
In a final act of strength and solidarity, Superman, with the support of his allies, overpowered Mongul and brought an end to his reign of terror. As the dust settled, the imprisoned Kryptonians were freed, their expressions of gratitude mingling with the collective relief that resonated among the heroes.
The victory, though hard-fought and marred by loss, was a testament to the unbreakable spirit of hope and resilience that defined the Justice League. It served as a reminder that even in the face of unimaginable adversity, the bonds of friendship and the power of unity could prevail.
Superman's heart remained heavy with the memories of those they had lost, but he was bolstered by the knowledge that they had not died in vain. Their sacrifices had fueled his resolve to protect the innocent and ensure a brighter future for all.
With Batman rejoining the Justice League, their ranks once again felt complete. They stood stronger than ever, ready to face whatever challenges lay ahead. United by a shared purpose and a renewed determination, the Justice League prepared to protect the world and uphold the values of justice and compassion.
As they moved forward, Clark cherished the time spent with his loved ones, finding strength and comfort in their unwavering support. They became beacons of light in the face of darkness, reminding him of the importance of love, hope, and the enduring power of the human spirit.
And so, the story of Superman continued, marked by the triumphs and hardships that shaped him into the hero he had become. As he stood alongside his allies,
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2023.05.31 11:03 Zaltus Triturating Herbs in Brass Mortar

I have been making herbal remedies as a pastime for a few months now, and up until now used a coarse granite mortar and pestle to powder dried leaves and roots. I like to grind very fine for making rolled pills and occasionally for extracting dyes for ink.
I'm out of my country and purchased a cast brass mortar and pestle with a relatively polished interior. Would this be effective in reducing herbs to the same fineness?
submitted by Zaltus to herbalism [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 11:03 theiotacademy2 10 Unmatched Benefits of Digital Transformation to Master

10 Unmatched Benefits of Digital Transformation to Master
You're probably thinking, "Digital transformation? Isn't that just for tech companies?" Actually, no. Every company—yes, even yours—needs to go through digital transformation. It's not a matter of if, but when. And when you do it right, you can unlock amazing benefits that simply aren't possible any other way.
Below are 10 reasons why you should master digital transformation. Are you ready?
What Is Digital Transformation?
Digital transformation is the process of integrating digital technologies into all aspects of your business to better compete in the digital age.
Why is this important? Because the digital age has changed the way consumers behave and the way businesses need to operate in order to stay competitive. If you're not on board with digital transformation(, you're going to be left behind.
There are countless benefits to mastering digital transformation, but here are 10 of the most unmatched:
Increased Efficiency of Business Processes
When businesses undergo a digital transformation, they are able to increase the efficiency of their business processes. This happens because the digital tools that are made available to them help them automate certain processes and workflows.
For example, imagine you are a business that needs to send invoices to your customers. With a digital transformation, you could find a solution that automates this process for you. This would then free up your time and resources so that you can focus on more important things, like growing your business.
Improved Customer Experience
When businesses undergo digital transformation, they're able to improve the customer experience in a number of ways.
By tracking customer behaviour and preferences, businesses can present them with offers, products and services that are tailored specifically to their needs. They can also speed up the purchasing process by using online checkout and automated systems.
On top of that, customers can enjoy a more streamlined and convenient experience. Transactions are faster, there are more payment options available, and customers have more control over their account settings. Plus, with the help of mobile apps and other digital tools, customers can access information and services anywhere and at any time.
Cost Reduction and Faster Time to Market
When it comes to cost reduction, digital transformation has you covered. By streamlining manual processes and automating operations, companies can reduce costs while freeing up resources to focus on more strategic endeavours. It also shortens the time to market, so you can get products and services out the door faster.
With digital transformation solutions, businesses can also quickly make changes to their processes as needed. Because of this, companies can be more agile and better prepared to handle disruption in the marketplace or shifts in customer demand. Plus, with data-driven intelligence at your disposal from real-time insights you get from digital transformation solutions, it’s easy to stay ahead of the competition.
Automation of Tasks and Intensive Processes
The fifth reason why you should master digital transformation is that it allows you to automate tasks and processes that would otherwise require a lot of effort. By automating mundane tasks, such as data entry, research, and other repetitive jobs, you can free up more time for yourself and your team.
One of the best things about automation is that it can help make even the most intensive processes easier. For example, instead of manually inputting data into an application or system, you can leverage AI and machine learning to automatically extract relevant information from documents or emails. This can help streamline processes and optimize resources in a way that was previously impossible.
Additionally, automation can also help reduce costs by eliminating costly and time-consuming manual tasks. By relying on digital solutions to automate repetitive tasks, you'll be able to save time and money, which means that your digital transformation initiatives will pay for themselves in no time!
Improved Collaboration and Productivity
Digital transformation offers unmatched opportunities for collaboration and productivity. With the right tools, you can save time and work together more efficiently—no matter where you are or what time of day it is.
This means that remote teams can stay connected and continue to work together uninterruptedly with the help of real-time access to documents, collaborative workflows, chats, online meetings, project management tools, and more. Plus, many of these solutions come with analytics capabilities so you can track the performance of your team and improve operations even further.
Digitization also eliminates unnecessary paperwork that causes delays and distractions so your employees can stay focused on their projects and tasks. Put it all together and you get increased efficiency from everyone in your team—allowing them to get more done in less time.
Creation of New Revenue Streams
One of the major advantages you'll get from mastering digital transformation is the ability to create new revenue streams. With digital transformation, you are no longer just selling products or services, but instead combining them into innovative solutions that create new value.
Digital transformation helps businesses to tap into new business models such as subscription-based services, pay-per-use and pay-as-you-go models. In other words, it helps businesses flexibly adjust their pricing strategies to suit their current customer needs and market conditions.
It also helps you create opportunities that weren’t previously available. For example, in industries such as banking and finance, companies are now able to offer more personalized products and services that were previously unavailable in traditional banking models.
In addition to this, digital transformation helps businesses reduce operational costs, making it easier for them to reinvest in new initiatives and capital investments. Finally, it enables companies to develop more accurate forecasting capabilities that can help them make wiser business decisions in the long run.
Enhanced Data Quality and Integration
Digital transformation means that data flows quickly and fluidly between different systems and departments, so it's never been easier to access accurate and up-to-date information. Better still, once the data is in your systems, you can process it more efficiently than before.
By combining the power of automation and AI, you can quickly detect any anomalies or inconsistencies in your data, which can help reduce errors and improve accuracy. You can even use automated algorithms to identify trends or patterns within your data that could be useful for forecasting future outcomes.
Moreover, many digital transformation solutions come with integrated analytics and reporting capabilities, so it's easy to generate insightful reports to make better business decisions. This kind of timely insight can enable companies to make informed decisions faster and stay ahead of their competitors.
Increased Security With Digital Transformation Solutions
Security is a priority for any business, and digital solutions provide convincing protections for businesses of any size. Not only does digital transformation help protect physical and electronic goods and services, but it can also improve the security of transactions as well.
Secure systems are enhanced with digital transformation solutions like encryption and authentication that make it difficult or even impossible for hackers to access sensitive data. This will make sure your customers’ data remains safe and secure, helping to build trust between you and your customers.
Furthermore, digital transformation tools provide the opportunity to better monitor the progress of your employees’ work, making sure they comply with security policies. These tools can also be used to track employee behaviour to make sure no unauthorized activities are taking place within the organization.
Improved Decision Making With Data-Driven Insights
When it comes to digital transformation(, data-driven insights are a key ingredient. Data can help you make faster, more informed decisions and help you get ahead of the competition. With data-driven insights, you can quickly identify areas of opportunity and interpret customer behaviour for better marketing or product strategies.
You can also leverage data to monitor performance against goals and track progress on initiatives. This helps to improve operational efficiency, increase productivity and provide visibility into the decision-making process. By utilizing data-driven insights, you’ll be able to quickly adjust strategies and stay ahead of the curve in today’s ever-changing digital landscape.
So what are you waiting for? Start your digital transformation journey and enjoy the following benefits:
  • Improved business performance and growth
  • Enhanced customer experience
  • Increased efficiency and productivity
  • Reduced costs and improved operational efficiency
  • Improved quality and safety
  • Greater innovation and creativity
  • Greater employee engagement and satisfaction
  • Enhanced decision making
  • Greater competitive advantage
  • Sustainable success.
submitted by theiotacademy2 to u/theiotacademy2 [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 11:02 thecareercounsellor DM MCh Admission 2023: Admission Guidance for Top Medical Colleges in India

DM MCh Admission 2023: Admission Guidance for Top Medical Colleges in India
After earning an MD or MS in medicine, you are eligible for DM/M.Ch courses, which are super specialties courses. To achieve high reputation and a good rank in society, doing MD/M.Ch courses is currently quite popular, or you could say it's nearly a requirement. The demand for DM/MCh admission as PG seats rises quickly over time, as does competition from those seeking medical degrees. There are close to 1400 seats available for people nationwide.
The difference between the MD/MS course and DM/M.Ch courses is that the MD/MS is a postgraduate degree granted after completing a postgraduate course in medicine, whereas the DM/M.Ch is a Super Speciality Degree granted after obtaining comprehensive knowledge in a certain field/Specialization of Medicine. Choosing a PG specialty branch is a difficult option to make after encountering numerous challenges in passing the PG entrance Exam. In this article, we have therefore covered everything there is to know about DM/M.Ch courses, specialisations, eligibility requirements, entrance requirements, etc.
Despite the fact that some states, universities, or institutions have varying requirements, over 90% of the eligibility standards in all medical institutions nationwide are the same. NEET SS, a national level medical entrance exam, would be used to administer admission to DM/M.Ch programmes. The online NEET SS application form is available at the official website for those who wish to be considered for DM/MCh admission. The National Board of Examinations, or NBE, oversees the NEET SS Exam.
  • All DM/M.Ch courses offered throughout the nation, including those at all private medical colleges.
  • At Armed Forces Medical Services Institutions, all DM/M.Ch courses

NEET entrance to DM/M.Ch Admission is not covered for the following medical institutions:

  • AIIMS, New Delhi
  • PGIMER, Chandigarh
  • JIPMER, Puducherry
  • NIMHANS, Bengaluru
  • SCTIMST, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
Attention! : No state government or private medical college or university, not even the state of Jammu & Kashmir, shall hold a separate entrance exam for admission to its DM or M.Ch programmes.
Indians studying abroad may even apply for the course. One form may be submitted by them at a time.

Available Post-Graduate Courses

As we have already indicated, the national level NEET SS exam is required for admission to all Super Speciality programmes. The DM/ M.Ch. programmes are three-year professional programmes with a variety of specialisations available to pursue a Post-Doctoral degree in a particular Specialisation.
DM Courses MCh Courses
Neurology, Urology, Cardiology, Nephrology, Haematology, and Immunology & Cardiac Anaesthesia. Neuro Surgery, Urology, Plastic surgery and Paediatric Surgery, Cardiothoracic and Vascular surgery, Surgical Gastroenterology & Oncology.

India's DM/MCh Course Eligibility

  • Candidates for the DM in cardiology must have completed an M.D. in (General medicine, paediatrics, or respiratory medicine) or have obtained an equivalent degree.
  • DM The M.D. in (General medicine/Paediatrics) or its equivalent certification is required for neurology and nephrology.
  • M.S. in general surgery or a degree of equal standing is required of applicants for the M.Ch degree.
  • Before July 15th, candidates must have earned an MD, MS, or DNB degree from a recognised medical university in India.
  • The Central/State Medical Registration Council must have the applicants' registration information.
Candidates for DM/M.Ch admission are eligible to apply if they are under 35 years old. The date of birth must match the one on the 10th grade mark sheet.
Foreigners: It is not necessary for foreigners to register with MCI. Without registering with MCI, they can take the NEET-SS. MCI will provide international nationals with a temporary registration. According to MCI regulations, the Medical Council of India may, upon payment of the required fee for registration, allow temporary registration for the period of the Postdoctoral course limiting to the medical college/institution to which he/she is admitted for the moment solely for pursuing postdoctoral studies. Furthermore, temporary registration for the foreign national is contingent upon the fact that the individual is properly registered with the relevant registering authority in the country from which he obtained his PG Medical degree and is duly acknowledged by the relevant Medical Council or relevant authority.

Forms For DM/Mch Applications

  • During the months of April and May, application forms were made accessible on the official website.
  • The application form must be completed and include all required attachments.
  • The application must be accompanied by certified copies of all supporting documentation, including the registration number certificate, degree certificates, and mark sheets.
  • Filling up the application form requires an online procedure.
  • Through the official website, you may get the application form.

Essential Documents for DM MCh Admission in India

  1. All India Quota/State Quota
  2. Community Certificate
  3. Transfer Certificate
  4. 10th / 12th mark sheet
  5. MBBS/MD/MS degree certificate
  6. Migration Certificate/eligibility certificate from other universities.
  7. State Council Certificate registration
  8. Valid Indian Passport of the NRI

Procedure For the DM/MCh Entrance Exam

  • The National Board of Examination will administer the NEET SS Exam online.
  • For candidates who select just one super speciality course or clubbed group, the actual exam will be 1 hour and 45 minutes. For students choosing two super speciality courses or clubbed groups, the exam will last a total of 3 hours 30 minutes.
  • At the time of online application submission, a candidate may select a maximum of two super specialty courses for which his or her broad specialty certification qualifies.
  • Exam structure: 40% of the questions must come from all applicable feeder broad specialty courses, and the remaining 60% must come from the super specialised course the applicant chose when submitting their online application.
  • Each super speciality course/clubbed group will have its own question paper, according to the policy. There will be a total of 100 questions on each question paper, divided into Part A and Part B. The level of all the questions must be PG Exit.
Medical aspirants are already aware of the fact that, after putting in a lot of time and effort to achieve an MD or M.Ch. Super specialty Degree, they will unquestionably get name recognition, financial success, a variety of job prospects, and high demand in the medical community. among the several alternatives for employment are;
The ideal career choice for medical professionals is opening their own clinic, while they can also join a private or public medical association and find good-paying employment in either a public or private hospital.
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2023.05.31 11:02 Alternative_Split112 Superman Year one

Chapter 42: Rebuilding Trust
In the aftermath of Batman's departure and the fractures within the Justice League, Clark Kent, as both Superman and a steadfast member of the team, felt the weight of responsibility on his shoulders. He recognized the urgent need to rebuild trust among the members and restore the unity that had been shaken.
Superman took it upon himself to initiate open and honest conversations with each member of the Justice League. He listened intently, empathizing with their feelings of betrayal and addressing their concerns with compassion and understanding. Through these discussions, he aimed to bridge the divide and reestablish the bonds of trust that were essential for the team's success.
One by one, Superman reached out to his fellow heroes. He met with Wonder Woman, assuring her that he valued her leadership and respected her unwavering dedication to justice. Together, they acknowledged the challenges they had faced and reaffirmed their commitment to working as a cohesive unit.
Green Lantern, who had stood by Superman's side through thick and thin, expressed his loyalty and unwavering support. They shared a deep understanding of the sacrifices required to protect the world, and their bond grew even stronger as they vowed to lead the League together, with trust and cooperation at the forefront.
Aquaman, who had been hesitant to embrace Superman's leadership, shared his concerns about the potential for corruption among powerful individuals. They engaged in a thoughtful conversation about the balance of power and the importance of accountability. In the end, they found common ground and renewed their shared purpose of safeguarding the world's oceans and its inhabitants.
Flash, known for his quick wit and humor, expressed his disappointment in Batman's departure. However, he recognized the importance of moving forward and supporting one another. Superman and Flash shared moments of laughter and camaraderie, strengthening their bond and reminding each other of the joy that came with being a hero.
One by one, Superman addressed the concerns and doubts of his fellow teammates, working tirelessly to mend the wounds that had caused division within the League. Though the process was challenging and required patience, he remained steadfast in his belief that unity and trust could be restored.
As time passed, the Justice League began to heal. The members slowly rediscovered the strength in their shared purpose and recognized the necessity of overcoming their differences for the greater good. They engaged in team-building exercises, training sessions, and joint missions that fostered a renewed sense of camaraderie and trust.
With the passage of time, the scars of betrayal began to fade, replaced by a newfound determination to stand united. The League members realized that they were stronger together, each bringing unique skills and perspectives to the table. They embraced their individual strengths while celebrating the collective power that came from their unity.
In the face of new threats and challenges, the Justice League once again stood as a beacon of hope. Their unwavering commitment to justice and the well-being of the world became an inspiration to all who witnessed their resolve. Under Superman's leadership, they reaffirmed their dedication to protecting the innocent, serving as a reminder that even in the face of adversity, unity would always prevail.
The story of the Justice League continued, marked by their shared victories and the unbreakable bonds they had forged. As they moved forward, they carried the lessons of trust, forgiveness, and the strength that came from overcoming adversity. And with each passing day, their resolve to protect the world and uphold its values grew stronger.
And so, the Justice League stood united, ready to face whatever challenges lay ahead, with Superman leading the charge, reminding them that their true power lay not just in their extraordinary abilities, but in the unshakable trust and belief they had in one another.
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2023.05.31 11:02 hoagsobjectearth Marks Spencer Promo Code for June 2023

Check out the link for Marks Spencer Promo Code for June 2023. Once on the website, you'll have access to a variety of coupons, promo codes, and discount deals that are updated regularly to help you save on your purchase.
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2023.05.31 11:01 hoagsobjectearth Marks and Spencer Promo Code for June 2023

Use the link for Marks and Spencer Promo Code for June 2023. The website features a wide selection of coupons, promo codes, and discount deals that are updated regularly for you to choose from and make your purchase more affordable.
submitted by hoagsobjectearth to DealsNacreous [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 11:00 Liquidsnakeee The game is soo much better for me then BOTW, but huge disappointed by the "Big" Dungeons

Even few days before release, all the internet and nintendo said, dungeons like in the past are back. Dont get me wrong, i wasnt crazy hyped about totk, i didnt like botw as much other people do. My expectations wasnt soo high.
I LOVE TOTK, played like 120 hours right now, this game does everything better then botw, makes botw feel empty ( it was for me from the beginning, but not for the most other people) Totk is soo much better. Only Game that comes closest to Elden ring in terms of exploration, and i played like every AAA RPG/Action Game.
20 hearts, Only did the first 3 dungeons/temples The one in soooouuth west is missing. So pls no spoilers.
I liked the wind temple the most, but afterwards, even that was boring, all 3 temples for now felt the same, felt like botw temples.
I mean, the game marks the 5 points where you have to go, you go, do something, finished... And the Boss fights are crazy easy, even after some armor upgrades and black/silver enemies everywhere. Why does this feel so lazy? Some caves where even "more entertaining"
Yes, the temples look nice, but its crazy repetitive, and i am not excited for the sand temple.
Anyone else disappointed? They had soo many years, why are they so boring?
Like i said, i love the game, dont get hurt and dont downvote into the underground.
submitted by Liquidsnakeee to tearsofthekingdom [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 10:57 thebamboobae0 What Are the Pros and Cons of Bamboo Straws?

What Are the Pros and Cons of Bamboo Straws?
Did you know that the first mass-produced straws date back to 1890? And before that, the ancient people used long, thin tubes to drink the liquid they then produced. Today, even if this accessory is not essential to our lives, it continues to seduce many of us. Sadly, an estimated 8.3 billion plastic straws litter our beaches and oceans. So let's learn to have fun while preserving our planet. Let's use reusable or disposable straws made of a non-polluting natural material, eco-friendly bamboo straw in India.

Bamboo straws, a 100% eco-friendly alternative

Bamboo is a sustainable material that allows a multitude of uses, such as kitchen utensils or to create objects that have to be in contact with food, thanks to its antibacterial properties, which is why these drinking straws are the best alternative to plastic ones. They are delivered with a brush that allows cleaning them effectively and easily. Once clean, you just have to let them dry, and they are ready for use.
Bamboo straws are a 100% eco-friendly alternative to polluting and has-been plastic straws. For adults and children, this small tube made of natural material is compostable and biodegradable at the end of its life. You have the choice between bamboo paper straws, organic, food grade, and reusable bamboo straws. Small diameter, large diameter, they are discreet in your cupboards. Some straws come with a recyclable cotton pouch, so you can have them in your bag, clean and ready to use! And for impeccable hygiene, reusable straws come with a cleaning brush. Adopt an eco-responsible approach, and treat yourself without moderation with bamboo straws.

Bamboo straws- pros and cons

Bamboo straws appeal for several reasons. They are :
  • resolutely green, natural, biodegradable, and compostable
  • original and aesthetic
  • healthy, without chemical materials, and therefore non-toxic
  • durable and resistant
Of course, they are not perfect, and we have noted some disadvantages:
  • a shorter lifespan than some reusable straws (glass, metal, etc.)
  • sometimes more difficult to clean than their competitors due to the random diameter
  • a slight taste in the mouth for reusable bamboo straws
Overall, while bamboo straws have several advantages, it is crucial to choose a reputable manufacturer when making a purchase. A reliable bamboo straw manufacturer will ensure that the bamboo straws are of high quality, durable, and free from any harmful substances.
Read More:-
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2023.05.31 10:57 CelesteLunaR53L Do you or do you not "reboot"?

If you ever have the chance, is there/are there characters you want to "reboot"?
I'm putting quotation marks because overall I think it's an exercise on character building/design, etc.
Also, if you have OC/original character ideas, you can definitely share.
I'll start!
Lucia!!! I already have a (not-so-organized) headcanon of how she's like as a "reboot" character. I feel like the only things I'm adding about her is how she's a Fish Out Of Water sort. Major things about her aren't changed much, but I'm sort of just adding my lore/headcanons to her.
It's probably coincidence only because of the Little Mermaid film that just came out this month, there's no connection whatsoever :D
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2023.05.31 10:57 Turbulent_Series_520 Former Yakuza member recently released from prison AMA

To specify, I will not be the person answering questions, rather I will simply be translating any questions to the native language of the subject (japanese) and then translating and typing his answers out in English for your convenience, due to his inexperience with reddit and the english language.
The subject in question is a native of Osaka, Japan and a former gangster who joined the yakuza in 1986, and from the mid-90s onward led his own small gang called the 昇進連合 (Shoshin-Rengo) which was a sub-affiliate of the Takumi-Gumi, a group connected to the large Yamaguchi-Gumi. He has served three terms in prison, once for murder in 1989 (during a gang war) where they served only 6 years, and again another 12 years after being convicted of drug and weapon offenses in '94. They were released in 2005 and once again imprisoned in 2009 after a parole violation, and was recently released in 2019 and forced by authorities to formerly renounce the yakuza, and become a citizen. Their gang was disbanded shortly after his last arrest after several of the members were charged with fraud and other stuff.
To designate their posts and replies, I will enclose their translated responses in quotation marks.
"Hello. I am a former motorcyclist, business manager, and yakuza and I am currently paying back my debt to society as a law-abiding citizen and supportive father and grandfather. I am willing to share an insight into the life I have lived for those interested. Please ask me anything,"

He has served time for his crimes and currently has no legal cases pending, and any discussion of past acts committed are within Japanese law.
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2023.05.31 10:56 squareinsurancebroke How To Compare Bike Insurance Online

The Square Insurance Company will help you to compare the plans in terms of coverage, premium costs, claim settlement rates, offers, discounts, etc., to simplify the process. Simple and hassle-free. Here are some instructions for how to compare buy bike insurance premiums online.
Step 1: Locate and visit the website that enables you to compare insurance plans.
Step 2: Complete the necessary information about your bike, including its make and model, the purchased year, the specifics of any prior insurance, etc.
Step 3: After filling out all the fields, click Confirm. You will be taken to another page where you can select your desired add-ons, insured declared value (IDV), and other options.
Step 4: Check quotes after selecting all the appropriate options.
The numerous policies offered by various insurance providers will be displayed to you. Look over the available choices and select the one that best fits your requirements and price range.
Today, comparing bike insurance online policies is simpler than ever. Therefore, you should compare bike insurance costs and determine the coverage you may receive for your two-wheeler rather than blindly purchasing the plan your bike dealer recommends. You can also contact your insurance agent for the best strategy with affordable premiums and thorough coverage.
Conclusion The purpose of this post is to assist you in sorting through the various insurance options available on the market. This post will enable you to go with Square Insurance company to COMPARE & buy bike insurance online side-by-side and provide the ideal policy based on reasoning factors such as higher bike insurance premium amounts, protection, add-ons, etc.
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2023.05.31 10:55 Crabs_Asshole Very contemporary

Very contemporary submitted by Crabs_Asshole to Warthunder [link] [comments]

2023.05.31 10:55 TTVKUDOHLOL Would you buy it?
I dont really NEED it, I WANT IT, my justification for purchasing it would be, that if in the next 3 years i WANTED a laptop to move around more or have some option for entertainment on the side traveling places, i would be buying a laptop that within the next year or two would still be a good price, IE in 1-2 years will anything near this price be of the same quality / build / preformance etc .
Im sorry if this is confusing. Should i jump on this deal, is anything going to be as powerful for the same price in the next year or so. (seems the newer cards are preforming worse / priced higher )
I currently game on a desktop that has similar if not better preforming specs apparently through benchmarks im on a gen 9 intel w/ 1080ti, nothing fancy mobo nothing fancy memory , but still preforms well for what i play ( Apex legends / Siege / CS / League of legends / WoW Etc)
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2023.05.31 10:54 Alternative_Split112 Superman Year one

Chapter 36: Clash of Titans
After the emotional turmoil caused by the loss of Bizarro and the subsequent battle against Lex Luthor, Clark sought solace in the embrace of his loved ones. He spent cherished moments with his family, friends, and faithful companion Krypto, finding strength and renewal in their unwavering support.
Meanwhile, Supergirl embarked on her own journey of growth and discovery. Empowered by her Kryptonian heritage, she began to explore her own unique abilities and train alongside other young heroes. It was during this time that fate brought her face to face with two familiar figures: Robin, the Boy Wonder, and Kid Flash.
The meeting of Supergirl, Robin, and Kid Flash marked the dawn of a new era—an era where young heroes united to face the challenges that lay ahead. Together, they formed an unbreakable bond, forged through shared experiences and a commitment to defending justice. As they trained and honed their skills, they discovered the true power of unity and camaraderie.
Amidst the heroes' endeavors, Clark and Lois embarked on their long-awaited honeymoon—a respite from the relentless battles they faced. It was a time for them to reconnect, to revel in each other's presence, and to celebrate the love that had withstood the trials of their extraordinary lives. In the serene beauty of their chosen destination, they found a sanctuary, even if only for a fleeting moment.
However, their idyllic interlude was soon shattered by the emergence of Lex Luthor, who had now transformed into Apex Lex Luther. Empowered by the insidious influence of white kryptonite, he had acquired the formidable abilities of a Kryptonian. Driven by his insatiable thirst for power, he sought to establish himself as the ultimate force in the world.
As news of Apex Lex Luther's rise to power spread, a sense of unease and trepidation gripped Metropolis. The city once again found itself at the mercy of a man driven by his darkest desires. With his newfound abilities, Apex Lex Luther wreaked havoc, challenging Superman's role as the city's protector and undermining the hope he had inspired.
Superman, fully aware of the threat Apex Lex Luther posed, stood resolute in the face of adversity. With Supergirl by his side, the dynamic duo prepared to confront the formidable foe. But this battle was unlike any they had faced before. Apex Lex Luther, fueled by his newfound powers, pushed Superman to his limits, testing the very boundaries of his strength, resilience, and unwavering sense of justice.
The clash between Superman and Apex Lex Luther sent shockwaves through the city, as their powers collided with unrelenting force. Buildings trembled, and the very ground quaked beneath the weight of their battle. As the fight waged on, it became clear that victory would only be achieved through the unwavering determination and indomitable spirit of the Man of Steel.
Yet, in the midst of the chaos, hope emerged in the form of Supergirl, Robin, and Kid Flash. The young heroes, inspired by Superman's unwavering resolve, joined the fight, adding their own unique powers and skills to the mix. Together, they formed a formidable force, united in their determination to protect the innocent and ensure that justice prevailed.
With their combined strength and unwavering belief in the power of goodness, Superman and his newfound allies fought tirelessly against Apex Lex Luther. The battle waged on, a clash of titans that threatened to consume the very heart of Metropolis. But in the end, it was the unwavering spirit of Superman and the indomitable power of hope that emerged victorious.
As Apex Lex Luther's powers waned, his arrogance gave way to desperation. He was
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2023.05.31 10:53 Jitendra_97 What are the advantages of using Node.js over PHP for building large scale applications?

When comparing Node.js to PHP for building large-scale applications, there are several advantages that Node.js offers. Here are some key advantages of using Node.js in this context:
Asynchronous and non-blocking I/O: Node.js utilizes an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model, which allows it to handle concurrent requests efficiently. This asynchronous nature makes Node.js particularly suitable for applications that involve heavy I/O operations or real-time data processing. It can handle a large number of simultaneous connections without blocking the execution of other requests, leading to better scalability and performance.
JavaScript and Full Stack Development: Node.js is built on JavaScript, a language widely used for web development. If your development team is already proficient in JavaScript, using Node.js allows for full-stack development, enabling developers to work on both the front-end and back-end using the same language. This can enhance productivity and collaboration among developers.
Single-threaded architecture: Node.js operates on a single-threaded event loop, which simplifies the management of resources and eliminates the complexities associated with traditional multi-threaded programming. This makes it easier to write and debug code, resulting in faster development cycles and reduced maintenance overhead.
Large package ecosystem: Node.js has a vast ecosystem of open-source packages available through the npm (Node Package Manager) registry. These packages provide a wide range of functionality, including frameworks, libraries, and modules, which can significantly expedite development. This rich package ecosystem helps in building large-scale applications more efficiently by leveraging existing solutions.
Community and support: Node.js has a vibrant and active community of developers who contribute to its growth and provide support through forums, documentation, and open-source projects. This ensures that developers have access to resources, tutorials, and tools, making it easier to develop and maintain large-scale applications.
Microservices architecture: Node.js is well-suited for building microservices-based architectures, where applications are divided into smaller, independent services that can be developed and scaled individually. Node and Node.js development company facilitates the creation of lightweight and modular services, making it easier to build, test, and deploy large-scale applications.
It's important to note that PHP is still a widely-used and capable language for building large-scale applications, particularly in the realm of content management systems (e.g., WordPress) and e-commerce platforms (e.g., Magento). The choice between Node.js and PHP ultimately depends on factors such as the project's specific requirements, the expertise of the development team, and the ecosystem that best aligns with your needs.
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2023.05.31 10:52 ikraza 2022 Jeep grand Cherokee. Is leasing a smart idea?

As far as i understand it, leasing is only a good idea if i want to continuously drive newer cars. Here's one i like a lot in regards to features and design. Not the best criteria to base my purchase off of, i know, but if it's a super new car, should i expect major repairs within a 3-Year lease? Is this a smart idea? Maybe not a cheap idea, but for the price of just purely leasing it's a cost i am willing to cover, as long as no major issues appear within the 3 year leasing time. I will go with an expected 15k yearly mileage. Will this car be problematic? I also live in switzerland, where this kind of brand maybe even more expensive to maintain, than a local or japanese brand.
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2023.05.31 10:52 A_horse_a_piece77 Solar Push Is Destroying The Desert And Releasing Stored Carbon

Solar Push Is Destroying The Desert And Releasing Stored Carbon
When bureaucrats put their personal agenda ahead of what science can deliver, bad things happen...
The desert isn't barren, 90% of the story is underground.
A Costly Omission in Planning for Climate Change
Please consider A Costly Omission in Planning for Climate Change by Robin Kobaly, a twenty-year career as a botanist with the BLM, with a Master’s Degree in biology.
Most people are not aware of the vast amount of carbon that is captured and stored underground in desert soils.

Desert plants store much of their captured carbon deep underground in a massive network of connected roots and fungal root-partners, unlike forests which store most of their carbon aboveground or near the soil surface. Historically, much of the desert’s “soil organic carbon” has been missed by soil scientists, because many soil studies conclude at “plow-line depth,” or between 6 and 12 inches.

As with other desert plants, the long, water-seeking roots of the California Evening Primrose partner with miles of mycorrhizal filaments, and together they store large amounts of carbon underground.

Because there can be so many miles of fungal hyphae (covered with glomalin) in each cubic foot of desert soil, glomalin is attributed with storing one-third of the world’s soil carbon.

Much of the carbon these plants capture aboveground from the air and convert into sugar is eventually turned into inorganic carbon underground. When the long roots breathe out carbon dioxide deep into dark moist soil, this carbon dioxide combines with the abundant calcium in our arid soils to create mineralized deposits called caliche (calcium carbonate). These deposits start as tiny crystals but eventually grow to large crystals, then chunks, and into layers of caliche that can start at the surface or form at various depths underground. These caliche deposits can store captured carbon in this inorganic form for hundreds, to thousands, to even hundreds of thousands of years . . . if not disturbed.

Dr. Michael Allen at the UCR Center for Conservation Biology commented on the desert’s capacity to store large amounts of carbon dioxide as caliche, noting that “The amount of carbon in caliche, when accounted globally, may be equal to the entire amount of carbon as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.” Despite its long-term storage capacity, caliche releases its sequestered carbon when vegetation is removed and soils are disturbed and exposed to erosion. As caliche degrades in disturbed soils, its calcium and carbon molecules are uncoupled, releasing the carbon to again reenter the atmosphere.

We might first look at Mojave yucca (Yucca schidigera), an ancient, extremely slow-growing plant that is very common across both the Mojave and Colorado Deserts, and that has been found to reach ages of 2000+ years. We could calculate how much carbon one plant captures each year, then extrapolate how much carbon an individual yucca plant would sequester in say, a 1000-year lifespan. Then figure how many Mojave yuccas are expected to be ripped from the ground in a typical industrial solar field such as the newly-approved 5,000-acre Yellow Pine Solar Project in the Mojave Desert (Pahrump, Nevada) – in this case, over 80,000 Mojave yuccas will meet their demise during the construction of an array expected to operate for perhaps twenty years before becoming obsolete. Will the reduction in carbon that would have been sequestered (and stored underground) by those 80,000 Mojave yuccas actually be offset by possibly twenty years of the solar project that replaced them?

If we could do the same for the creosote bush that also can live for thousands of years, we might gain still more perspective on the critical question of net carbon gain or loss through various management practices in our ancient desert landscapes.

If few people realize the intrinsic value of the desert’s carbon contributions, it becomes more difficult to protest when thousands and thousands of acres of desert habitat are scraped bare for solar fields. It appears that the California Deserts may be sacrificed to meet California’s climate goals without even considering the full consequences of doing so. Where will our carbon footprints lead us . . . down a path that leads to a slashed-apart, industrialized desert where throngs of people once flocked for solitude and for vast uninterrupted vistas of an ancient landscape? Let’s not lose this treasure when there is a smarter path forward, including solar panels on rooftops, parking lots, fallowed agricultural lands, and even exposed aqueducts.

An Oasis Has Become a Dead Sea
The Guardian comments Solar Farms Took Over the California Desert: ‘An Oasis Has Become a Dead Sea’
Over the last few years, this swathe of desert has been steadily carpeted with one of the world’s largest concentrations of solar power plants, forming a sprawling photovoltaic sea. On the ground, the scale is almost incomprehensible. The Riverside East Solar Energy Zone – the ground zero of California’s solar energy boom – stretches for 150,000 acres, making it 10 times the size of Manhattan.

Residents have watched ruefully for years as solar plants crept over the horizon, bringing noise and pollution that’s eroding a way of life in their desert refuge.

“We feel like we’ve been sacrificed,” says Mark Carrington, who, like Sneddon, lives in the Lake Tamarisk resort, a community for over-55s near Desert Center, which is increasingly surrounded by solar farms. “We’re a senior community, and half of us now have breathing difficulties because of all the dust churned up by the construction. I moved here for the clean air, but some days I have to go outside wearing goggles. What was an oasis has become a little island in a dead solar sea.”

Concerns have intensified following the recent news of a project, called Easley, that would see the panels come just 200 metres from their backyards. Residents claim that excessive water use by solar plants has contributed to the drying up of two local wells, while their property values have been hit hard, with several now struggling to sell their homes.

The mostly flat expanse south-east of Joshua Tree national park was originally identified as a prime site for industrial-scale solar power under the Obama administration, which fast-tracked the first project, Desert Sunlight, in 2011. It was the largest solar plant in the world at the time of completion, in 2015, covering an area of almost 4,000 acres, and it opened the floodgates for more. Since then, 15 projects have been completed or are under construction, with momentous mythological names like Athos and Oberon. Ultimately, if built to full capacity, this shimmering patchwork quilt could generate 24 gigawatts, enough energy to power 7m homes.

Kevin Emmerich worked for the National Park Service for over 20 years before setting up Basin & Range Watch in 2008, a non-profit that campaigns to conserve desert life. He says solar plants create myriad environmental problems, including habitat destruction and “lethal death traps” for birds, which dive at the panels, mistaking them for water.

He says one project bulldozed 600 acres of designated critical habitat for the endangered desert tortoise, while populations of Mojave fringe-toed lizards and bighorn sheep have also been afflicted. “We’re trying to solve one environmental problem by creating so many others.”

Much of the critical habitat in question is dry wash woodland, made up of “microphyll” shrubs and trees like palo verde, ironwood, catclaw and honey mesquite, which grow in a network of green veins across the desert. But, compared with old-growth forests of giant redwoods, or expanses of venerable Joshua trees, the significance of these small desert shrubs can be hard for the untrained eye to appreciate. “When people look across the desert, they just see scrubby little plants that look dead half the time,” says Robin Kobaly, a botanist who worked at the BLM for over 20 years as a wildlife biologist before founding the Summertree Institute, an environmental education non-profit. “But they are missing 90% of the story – which is underground. ”Her book, The Desert Underground , features illustrated cross-sections that reveal the hidden universe of roots extended up to 150ft below the surface, supported by branching networks of fungal mycelium. “This is how we need to look at the desert,” she says, turning a diagram from her book upside-down. “It’s an underground forest – just as majestic and important as a giant redwood forest, but we can’t see it.”

For Alfredo Acosta Figueroa, the unstoppable march of desert solar represents an existential threat of a different kind. As a descendant of the Chemehuevi and Yaqui nations, he has watched as what he says are numerous sacred Indigenous sites have been bulldozed.

“There are so many other places we should be putting solar,” says Clarke, of the National Parks Conservation Association, from homes to warehouses to parking lots and industrial zones. He describes the current model of large-scale, centralized power generation, hundreds of miles from where the power is actually needed, as “a 20th-century business plan for a 21st-century problem”.

Lose-Lose Policy
Experts suggest the mad rush to convert desert to subsidized solar panels may be releasing mass amounts of stored carbon while simultaneously destroying archeological sites in the process.
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